Who are you?? - own biasing frames exposed
I will assume to be an assistant director in the ministry of health and nutrition. The research that I plan to carryout is as a requirement in my job place. As the assistant director, I am an individual of a higher integrity and I believe in hard work as a measure of success.
Named approach to used: grounded theory
Grounded theory aims at shaping a certain desire which is discovered in social and psychological processes. The grounded theory can also lead to generation of a new theory that will be accepted in the research when the research questions cannot be accurately answered.
How to access participants
The research is considered a school-based study and therefore it’s a very effective and efficient method to carry out the study in international students in Australia. As a researcher, the best place that I will access the participant in my research is Australian education institutions. I will prepare a schedule plan that will cover the institutions that I intend to carry out my study. I will approach a number of students and find out the international students who are he participants to be included in my sample size which must be representative. In making my research more valuable and easier to carry out, I will visit the restaurants and eating places and this can be a very convenient meeting place with the target population of my research study. It is also possible for me to approach the schools departments and asks them on how I can administer a questionnaire to international students.
The use of simple random sampling was the best and it ensured that I collected a representative sample. The sampling approach involves choosing elementary units which assures every member of the study population stands an equal chance to be included in the sample size. The approach was the best sited in my study because it avoided all possibilities of sampling bias. I will go ahead to assign a unique number to the study population, after the step, a table of random numbers will be important to select elements to the point that I will be satisfied with the intended desired sample.
What data will you collect and how many? (Numbers of interviews, observations, focus groups)
I will collect data using different data collection techniques: administering questionnaires, conducting interviews, observations and focus group discussion. With the help of the technique, I will aim to collect data that will discuss about the steps on how international students in Australia will manage their nutritional needs. The capturing of the data will also include the different types of food that they prefer the reasons why they love the foods.
The sample size will be determined with the formula: n= (z*zpq)/d*d
N=desired sample size
Z=standard normal deviate, 1.96, with a 0.95 confidence level
P or Q=0.5
D= degree of accuracy set at 0.05 level.
This is for a population of more than 10,000 individuals in a target population.
Any ethical issues/ problems you can foresee
The problems that might arise include issues on matters of privacy and confidentiality. Many students may feel that the information that they give when data is collected may be exposed with the identity and this makes many to avoid being recruited as sample sizes. Therefore, I will be required to assure the participants that all information collected will remain confidential under all terms.
Simon S. (2003) A survey of the nutritional adequacy of meals served and eaten by patients. Nursing Practice 2001; 4 (2):7-11 SOCIOLOGY