Microanalysis of communication defines demonstrative communication as a mechanism of sending and receiving of information through a common system of symbols, behavior and signs. This shows that, it includes the non verbal and unwritten communication. These microanalysis researches continue to statistically indicate that the whole communication process is comprised of two thirds non verbal while the rest is verbal (Burgoon et al, 1996).
The historical background of this form of communication dates back with the scientific scholars such as Charles Darwin and Ray Birdwhistell. Darwin, in his book “Expressions of Emotions in Man and Animals” indicate that facial expression as one of the greatest methods of animal’s communication. On the other hand, Ray estimated that averagely an individual speaks ten to eleven words during the course of the day while the rest is body expressions. These studies have continued over years to various fields such as semiotics, social psychology and linguistic (Burgoon et al, 1996).
Non verbal communication comprise of all sections of communication that does not involve language that we either speak or write. The contract negotiation in non verbal communications includes; First body language, also referred as kinesics communication, involves using facial expression, posture, gestures and body movement. Second is the physical environment, also referred as proxemics communication and involves space, and the entire territorial control. Lastly is the personal attributes such as vocal cues, physical appearance, and touch. All these e are very vital for the communication process of the characters involved (Burgoon et al, 1996).
Demonstrative communication can be relayed consciously or unconsciously, these messages can be further transmitted voluntarily or involuntarily but all requires accurate interpretations in order to achieve relevant meaning at various social context of operation (Burgoon et al, 1996).
Pros/ Effectiveness of Demonstrative Communication
Scholars’ ad researchers in communication and various allied fields have worked tiresomely to determine how effective this means of communication is and to isolate the various critics that may have been hypothetically forwarded by various historical records. This was necessary because effective communication is a fundamental basic need for positive interaction in a social setting. In their study they realized that non verbal communication contain the largest section of cues responsible for effective communication (Burgoon et al, 1996).
This demonstrative communication method provides a better first impression to the characters involved. This can be observed in various situations such as attraction to a partner or formal interview. This is because they message is fully absorbed in the entire environment of occasion, allowing the partners to fully utilize the five senses of communication.
Relevant studies shows that the kinetics forms of demonstrative communication provided, decrease the ambiguity surrounding the send message and uplift the relevant insight on the attitude of the receiver to fully understand the message. This is done by the continuous physical signals that are simulated to reinforce the message (Burhgoon et al, 1996).
Researches continue to indicate that personal appearance of an individual in an occasion to greater percentage affects how one is being perceived in a setting. Attractive individuals in terms of attire, facial and body posture often have preferable treatments, thereby in a position of getting better chances in assigning jobs, and social power. Body type several times affects perceptions for example, athletic individuals are usually perceived as self reliant and assertive individuals while heavy bodied individuals who are less athletic are perceived as sympathetic, lazy and dependent (Burgoon et al, 1996).
General Personal grooming many a times is highlighted as a phenomenon of profound effect in a setting as it influences perception on credibility, attractiveness and dominance. All these generally are favorable non-verbal l messages to an individual in a give position at a specific setting.
Cons/ ineffectiveness of demonstrative communication
It has also been noted as matter of concern that, not all individuals have the ability to interpret these nonverbal clues of communication system. Typically, many a times much information is misinterpreted because they are expected to have several meanings to different individuals at different settings. For example, yawning may be perceived differently as fatigue or lack of interest (Burgoon et al, 1996).
Inconsistency in communicating demonstrative language can apparently result into negative interpretation. This requires one to fully be more careful and correlate the non-verbal clues communicated, this will result in more accurate interpretation.
Cultural differences in the settings where these messages are sent have always been a great barrier. This is because different societies have different perception and interpretation on the meaning of a single clue. For example, direct eye contact when individuals are communicating in United States of America is encouraged and perceived as confidence and interest while in other countries the act is an abomination. These other societies require one to look down while communicating as a sign of respect and deference (Burgoon et al, 1996).
Effective Communication is a very vital part of species survival in every setting. The quality of the social life received by these individuals is critically determined by how and what is being communicated. Human social life is concisely and presently constituted by the variant extraordinary demonstrative communicant skills available in their settings. In their absence, our lives too can be of low esteem to greater levels.
Burgoon, J. K., Buller, D. B., & Woodall, W. G. (1996). Nonverbal communication: The unspoken dialogue (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.