Research is an artistic work carried out on a methodical basis sequentially to increase the stockpile of knowledge of man in the society; the knowledge researched is used to formulate new applications. In Bhatti (2003) the Research is about how social justice and non-traditional contributors impart on higher education system. The research question in Bhatti (2003) research comes out clearly at the end of his introduction. Bhatti (2003) uses tale of border crossing, drift and instrumentation to justify his work. Bhatti uses Higher Education Statistic Agency of England data in the research. That’s enough evidence that research depend on existing knowledge, the Singh (2011), Journal of Intellectual Studies where she researched on the challenges of multiculturalism. Singh (2011) confirms the plight of Indians students in Australia; she uses her past work in her research. Research work tends to answer the specific questions how? Why? What? These are open-ended questions that are easy to respond to.
Singh (2011) is a social scientist carrying out social research; in such research both quantitative and qualitative dimensions are used. The use of these methods ensures that research question is justified because the methods ensure that the research questions are answered. The methods also enable people to view research as where ideas, theories and values interact with the research. One will also be able to understand the methodology because it’s of importance to research practice.
In social research, researchers do move about research question, method and theory so as to attain a compatible final work. Methodology, on the other hand, is the frame of orientation for research; it is influenced by how the people view the subject being researched. Thirdly research design can be described as a systematic plan that studies the research problem; it is the structure of inquiry in a research set-up. In social research, epistemology is the theory of knowledge isregarded highly. An example is clearly indicated in Bhatti (2003) work where female epistemology challenges the obvious norm in the society. However, the knowledge in epistemology depends on identities such as social location, social position, culture and the attribute of people who influenced the knowledge.
Question 4 and 5
The theoretical framework of social research is a map of how the whole process will proceed, it compost of theories and epistemologies that guides the work from the map to a .literature review. A good example is the theories proposed by Karl Marx are related to how men experience system in terms of exploitation and inequality. The theories were gender based. Research approaches depend largely on epistemologies. In this scenario gender is used to identify epistemology and construction of methodology. Researcher must make sure that the theories make sense and answer the research question.
Bhatti, G 2003, ‘Social Justice and Non-traditional participants in higher education’ in C Vincent (ed.), Social justice, education and identity, Routledge, London, UK. Pp 65-85.
Bouma, G & Ling. (2004). The Research Process, 5th ed. Melbourne Oxford University Press.
Supriya Singh (2011): Indian Students in Melbourne: challenges to Multiculturalism, Journal of Intercultural Studies, 32:6, 673-689.