A significant amount of research has examined the potential that a connection exists between gender and religious belief. Trzebiatowska and Bruce (2012) implemented an extensive qualitative analysis that considered why women are more religious than me are. Francis and Wilcox (1996) conducted a quantitative analysis that indicated women in the United Kingdom more frequently embraced religion than me did. Loewenthal, MacLeod, and Cinnirella (2002) found that women were more religious than men only in relation to certain cultures. Other studies have linked religion to gender values. Among a test of American and Canadian students, Brinkerhoff and MacKie (1985) found that the more religious an individual was the more he or she ascribed to traditional gender roles. Leiblum, Wiegel, and Brickle (2003) found a similar connection between religion and values. With the extensive array of studies that have attested to a causal relationship between gender and religion, the present study sought to further investigate the validity of these findings.
The null hypothesis (H0) of the research was that gender would not have a statistically significant connection to a person’s feelings about the Bible. The alternative hypothesis (H1) was that gender would have a statistically significant relationship with the person’s feeling about the Bible.
An independent samples t test was conducted to test this hypothesis. The independent variable of this study was gender. The dependent variable was feelings about the Bible.
At the 95% probability level the test results indicated a .000 level. This figure is lower higher than the .05 mark for statistical significance (Somekh and Lewin, 2005). As this figure is lower than the confidence interval, it demonstrates that a significant connection exists between gender and feelings about the Bible. The confidence interval for the study was .118 for the lower bound and .330 for the upper bound. This figure indicates that with 95 percent certainty, the difference of the means of the two groups is between .118 and .330. This figure indicates that males in the study had a more liberal interpretation of the Bible than did women, who were more likely to believe that that Bible was the word of God or inspired by God.
Ultimately, these findings demonstrate that the null hypothesis can be rejected.
Below are the test’s syntax and output files:
Brinkerhoff, M. B., & MacKie, M. (1985). Religion and gender: A comparison of Canadian and
American student attitudes. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 415-429.
Francis, L. J., & Wilcox, C. (1996). Religion and gender orientation. Personality and Individual
Differences, 20(1), 119-121.
Leiblum, S., Wiegel, M., & Brickle, F. (2003). Sexual attitudes of US and Canadian medical
Relationship Therapy, 18(4), 473-491.
Loewenthal, K. M., MacLeod, A. K., & Cinnirella, M. (2002). Are women more religious than
men? Gender differences in religious activity among different religious groups in the UK.
Personality and Individual Differences, 32(1), 133-139.
Somekh, B., & Lewin, C. (2005). Research methods in the social sciences. Sage.
Trzebiatowska, M., & Bruce, S. (2012). Why are women more religious than men?. Oxford