This unfolding research precept or piece of writing is founded on psychotherapy and counseling areas. It is an exhaustive illustration of a discourse on individual, analytical, neo analytical and psychoanalytical as basic approaches the disciplines of counseling, guiding and psychotherapy per se.
In spite of the fact that these theories are overtly classical, they have been the cradle and foundations of human conduct and forbearances in interpersonal relations. It has been upon their paradigms that, modern theories of counseling and psychotherapy have been evolved.
Individual differences have been equally well searched by Carl Jang. He has also exhaust variance among individuals as well as the causative instigators of such differences. This paper is thence, an adequate pact in exploration of the aspects of human manners and the progenitors of such behavioral conducts inter alia. [Murdock 2008]
Firstly, the analytical psychology is anchored on the unconscious mind and its relation to informing human conducts. It also based its facts on the unraveled mysteries of the human spirit and how it dictated human behavior. The mode of thought also purported that, mythological tendencies were a tacit force in influencing human behavior. Save from the unraveled mysteries of the human soul, Carl Jang posited that, there was a close relation between the human mannerisms and their dreams thereof. Lastly he claimed that, human way of life was kind of predetermined afore. [Kotsh 2000]
Secondly, Carl Jang went further to explore the intricate of the unconscious mind and its relation to human behavior. For example, he postulated that human conduct can be made manifest from the knowledge of the, content of his dreams and slips of the tongue. [Dunne 2002]
The above theory, promotes religious relativism. In that, it encourages relative study and usage of religious precepts and doctrinal applications. This has led to the evolutionary trend in religious practices. The theory is a further enunciation of experience as a superior approach to religion visa viz blind faith. Finally, it backs up the, inevitable correlation between religion and science. This is due to the fact that, the duo disciplines are inter woven, this is because religion is the belief in the super natural l and science is the study of facts on action and reaction responses as dictated by the supernatural forces within in the realm of the human mind.
The postulations of the theory are a largely contested since its facts are not indispensible. This is because, its realities fails to draw a distinction between, religion and psychology. Lastly, a remarkable challenge of the theory is that its psychic facts are tautological.
The standards of the theory purport that, individual growth and development results into his or her subsequent adjustments in self pride. This takes into account what one acquires through consistent learning in a social context. (Brooke 2000) in addition, it acknowledges the permanence of unconsciousness of some portion of the human mind. This unconscious part of the brain makes up the epicenter of psychic responses that are remotely linked to personal experiences.
On individual psychology, is a psychological focus on individual differences? This uniqueness is drawn from their interpersonal interactions, interests and abilities. It also encompasses fashions and value of character coupled with decisiveness (Obersty & Stewart 2003)
Alfred Adler gives a fair view of human development by asserting that, human development is unending occurrence. He adds that, social values, moral dictates and individual interpersonal relationships are cognizant to human behavior.
Albeit, Alfred’s theory lacks measurer able tendencies of human conducts. Finally he fails to acknowledge the contribution of the unconscious mind and the dark dungeons of the human life. (Boree 2000)
The tenets of his theory, dictates that the human conscience functions or operates as one system. This rids off the consistent contradiction between choices in human life. The theory, further purports that, mankind’s forbearances are derived from his or her relationship with the ecology. (Watts & Carlson 1999). Lastly, Alfred posits a state of consistent strive towards self actualization. He therefore presents a situation of stiff competition towards realization of selfish ends. It is in this endeavor of self realization that human behaviors are d3eveloped.
In Psychoanalytical theory, puts up a claim that early human experiences influence human conducts. The theory also puts an emphasis in the profiles of the human mind. Namely, the idd, the ego and the super ego.(Mudrock 2008) his theory adds that the rational part of the mind being the ego, since it balances between the pleasures as sort by the idd level of the brain and the moral standards.(Gay 1988)
This exposition on the levels of the human mind led to an immense development in experimental psychology and increased the level of enlightenment among the people. The theory has a lot of challenges such as, its abstract nature, its overemphasis in human sexuality and excreta. (McMillan 1997)
Moreover, in the neoanalytical theory, centers on self or the ego as the prime determinant of human personal behavior. These individual behavioral aspects re influenced by the social and cultural matrix of the individual persons.( Freidman& Schustack 2003) this theory has a positive goal orientation and influences development of human personality as well as assert that human development is endless. In spite of this, the theory is still regarded as subjective and lacks quantification.
In conclusion, the above illustrated and discussed theories postulates that, human behavior is largely influenced by different factors. These are the pointers to the aspect of decisions that individuals make. The influences that, dictate their actions too are largely owed to the conceptualization of their ecology. Thence, the overall cooperate of human code of conduct draws from an amalgamation of social, ecological factors as well as the orientation of the human mind.
Watts, R. E., & Carlson, J. (1999). Interventions and strategies in counseling and psychotherapy. New York: Accelerated Development
Boeree, G. (2006). Personality Theories: Alfred Adler.
Carlson, J., Watts, R. E., & Maniacci, M. (2005). Adlerian Therapy: Theory and Practice. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Dunne, Clare (2002) Carl Jung: Wounded Healer of the Soul: An Illustrated Biography. Continuum International Publishing Group
Macmillan, M. (1997). Freud Evaluated: The Completed Arc. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press