Failure mode effects analysis forms part of the activity of product and process design. The analytical methodology ensures that all upcoming problems are considered and solved all through the product, service or process development cycle. The nine steps in the failure mode effects analyses are as follows. The first step is assembling a team of experts with detailed knowledge on the process, product as well as the requirements of the customer. The second step is identifying the scope of the analysis. The third step involves the filling in of the identifying information that shows the format of the study. The fourth step involves the identification of functions of the process. The fifth step in the analysis involves pinpointing areas in the function that are prone to failure. After identification, the sixth step involves the analysis of the consequences of the failures in the system. The seventh step is the determination of the causes of the failure. The eighth step involves the evaluation of the possibilities of control. The ninth step in failure mode effects analysis is the identification of recommended actions to correct the risk of failure.
The Ishikawas seven basic tools of quality are used in the analyses of reports. The tools are also used to identify the major causes of the issues in the system. These tools are the check sheet, which are also called check lists. Pareto diagrams are the second tools of quality. Histograms, which are variation bar charts, are also basic tools of quality. Scatter diagrams, which are diagrams that analyze the relationship between two variables, are also basic tools of quality. Other tools of quality include the run charts, cause effect diagrams and control charts. Control charts monitor quality.
Random variation is the variability that is restricted in the process and cannot be determined. The variation originates from irregular and erratic actions that arise out of random chance. It is impossible to eliminate or determine the random variations. Non random variation is an out of the ordinary variation that is as a result of known actions. The actions that cause non-random variations are detectable and noticeable. In the process of quality control, non-random variations can be identified and eradicated to ensure processes of high quality.
The Taguchi methodology is a mechanism for appraising and implementing developments in processes, products and facilities. The improvements have the goal of minimizing the defects on a product or process. The methodology aims at yielding the best results. The eight steps in Taguchi methodology are as follows. The first step in Taguchi methodology is the identification of the main function, failure mode and the side effects. The second step involves the identification of noise factors, quality characteristics and the conditions. The identification of the objective function that the company seeks to optimize is the third step in the Taguchi process. The fourth step is the identification of control factors as well as their levels. The fifth step involves the assortment of the array matrix experiment. In the sixth step, the matrix experiment is conducted. Analysis of the data is done in the seventh step. Prediction of the optimum levels and performance are also done in this step. The last step involves the performance of the verification experiment as well as arranging for the future action.
DMAIC is a methodology used in decision making. There are five steps involved in this methodology. Definition of the crisis is the initial step. Measuring phase is the second step. In this step, the current process is mapped out. The third step is the scrutiny of the cause of the problem. Improvement is the fourth step. In this step, implementation and verification of the solution is dome. Control is the last step. The solution implemented is maintained.
The steps in team formation are the formation stage, where members of the team come together. Storming is the second step in team formation. Forming is the third stage and the team members make their rules. The fourth step in team formation is performing. The team gets down to work. Adjourning is the last stage in team formation. These steps are vital in team formation because they form the basis and set the arena to achieve objectives.
Work breakdown structure is important in any organization as it reduces complicated activities to tasks. Due to the reduction in activities, cost allocation is possible as costs are allocated to tasks. Work breakdown structure help define the scope of the project as well.
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Q Works. (2013, January 1). Ishikawas Seven Basic Tools of Quality. Retrieved April 19, 2014, from http://qeworks.com/ishikawas-seven-basic-tools-of-quality/: http://qeworks.com
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The Law Dictinary. (2014, April 19). What is Non-random Variation. Retrieved April 19, 2014, from http://thelawdictionary.org/non-random-variation/: http://thelawdictionary.org