Aghion, Philippe, and Jeffrey Williamson, G. Growth, inequality, and
Globalization: theory, history, and policy. New York: Cambridge University
Press, 1998. Print.
This source is relevant to my research in that it explains that globalization is a source of labor inequality among the players in global economics. This book continues to explain that many economics had made a hypothesis at the beginning of the industrial revolution that the inequality that was brought about by globalization would slowly decline but over time this hypothesis has turned out to be un-workable. This information will be essential for my research in that I intend to explain that globalization is a cause of labor inequality among nations. Though this source was published in 1998, it information is relevant to my research.
Baldwin, Robert E., and L Alan Winters. Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing
The Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.Print.
This will be an important source for my research in that it focuses on the inequalities that arise from globalization in terms of developed and undeveloped countries. The author of this book, Robert Baldwin, explains that developed countries benefit from developing countries by obtaining cheap labor, and a market for their goods. On the other hand, developing countries do not benefit from globalization in that their populations continue to be poor due to meager earning. In addition, developed nations hurt developing nations through pollution that is caused by some of the firms that developed nations start in developing nations. This information will be essential in my research in explaining how globalization causes inequality within the players in the global market. This source was published in 2007 and hence its information is more current.
Barry, Christian, and Sanjay Reddy. International trade and labor standards: a
Proposal for linkage. New York: Columbia University Press, 2008. Print
This source is relevant to my research in that it advocates for the creation of global labor standards. The authors of this source point out that the increment of wages and the creation of better working condition for laborers in the global economy are not adequate measures in bringing contention within the labor markets. The authors explain that in order to create healthy labor markets within the global economy, employers must allow their employees to have a bargaining power in terms of what they should earn. Secondly, employees should not be subjected to forced labor. Third, child-labor should be eliminated and a global trade law introduced to make sure that child-labor is discouraged. Finally, labor markets should be free of discrimination. This information will is important in my research in proving that globalization does not meet the above criteria in terms of how it affects the labor-market. This source was published three years ago and hence its information is current.
Choi, Eun Kwan, and David Greenaway. Globalization and labor markets. Malden,
Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 2001.Print
This is an important source for my research in that it explains that the fluctuating prices of goods in the global market at times causes employers to subject their employees to low wages or terminate their job tenures if they do not have the ability to pay them. Eun Choi, the author of this source, continues to explain that workers who are fired from their jobs may at times be willing to work in other companies at a lesser pay so that they can be able to meet their daily need. This phenomenon has created a situation whereby many firms especially in the developing world taken advantage of their labor force by expecting maximum productivity from them yet they subject them to meager earnings. This information will be essential in my research. Though this source was published in 2001, its content is reliable and relevant to my research.
Davidson, Carl, and Steven Joseph Matusz. International trade and labor markets:
Theory, evidence, and policy implications. Kalamazoo, Michigan: W.E Upjohn
This source is important to my research in that it points out that globalization has caused a competition between domestic companies and multinational companies. Foreign goods have caused domestic goods to lack market within their own national markets making most of them to operate under loses. This has resulted in the unemployment of many domestic workers who most of the time lacks material skills to be able to fit in other jobs that are well paying. This has caused many economics to propose remedies of dealing with this labor concern but their main challenge is whether they should deal with unemployment resulting from globalization or they should strive to provide a market for domestic goods which would mean interfering with the free flow of foreign goods within different nations. This information will be very important in explaining the effects of globalization on labor markets. Having been published in 2004, the information from this source is reliable.
Dehesa, Guillermo de la. Winners and losers in globalization. Malden
Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers Ltd, 2006. Print.
This source will be helpful in my research in that it points out that globalization causes developed countries to take advantage of developing countries. Dehesa, the author of this book points out that developed countries take advantage of the availability of cheap labor in developing nations. This has caused many developed economies to start branch firms in developing countries so that they can increase their productivity and at the same time benefit from the provision of cheap labor. Dehesa brings up the idea that though globalization may be beneficial by enhancing a free flow of goods and capital across the players in the global market, it is clear that developed countries benefit more from the integration of trade compared to developing countries. This is because wealthy nations benefit from cheap labor from developing nations while the laborers that work for the developed nations in developing countries continue to be poor. This information will be essential in my research in that it is an indicator of the labor inequality that is evident in global economics.
Elliot, Kimberly Ann, and Richard Barry Freeman. Can Labor Standards Improve
Under Globalization. Washington DC: Institute of International Economics,
This source will be important towards my research in that it talks about how globalization has led to an increase in global demand for goods and services. The author of this source, Ann Elliott, explains that many companies especially in the developing countries are most interested in the productivity of their workforce but are not interested in providing better working conditions for their workers. Ann Elliott proposes that the introduction of global labor standards will help make sure that companies protect their labor force by providing better working conditions. This information will be essential in my research in that I will use it to structure my arguments about how globalization affects labor markets especially in the developing world. In addition, this source was published in 2003 and therefore its information is reliable.
Golub, Stephen, S. International Labor Standards and International Trade.
Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund, 1997. Print.
This source will be instrumental to my research in that it explains that there is a rising concern within the global economy about the fact that workers in developing countries end up suffering from globalization more than they benefit from it. The author of this source, Stephen Golub, explains that some economists have argued that favorable working conditions and reasonable amount of wages should be made a fundamental human right if any national economy is to participate within a global scale. However, some economists have completely refuted this idea claiming that there should be a clear distinction between human rights and core labor standards. This information will be important in my research in explaining the importance of fair labor markets in the global economy. Though this source was published in 1997, its information is relevant to my research.
Flanagan, Robert, J, and William Gould, B. International labor standards:
Globalization, trade, and public policy. Stanford, California: Stanford
This source will be instrumental to my research in that it focuses on the differences in wages and benefits of workers in different parts of the world who have the same standards and qualifications. The authors of this source point out that though the prices of same goods and services are almost having a very small difference across the players in the global economy. However, the workers who provide the labor to ensure that these goods are in constant supply across the globe earn wages that are significantly different. This source explains that workers in developed countries tend to have bigger wages and better working conditions compared to those in developing countries. This information will be very helpful in my research. In addition, this source was published in 2003 and hence its information is dependable.
Munck, Ronaldo. Labor and globalization: results and prospects. Chippenham,
Wiltshire: Liverpool University Press, 2004. Print.
This source will be important to my research in that it talks about the rise of workers' unions in many countries due to globalization. The author of this source, Ronaldo Munck, points out those fluctuations within the global system has left many people unemployed whereas others are now subject to lower incomes. Therefore, there has been a dire need to make sure that the needs of workers are met. One of the ways to achieve this is through the formation of trade unions. This source looks at the challenges facing workers' unions as they try to fight for the rights of workers the entire globe. This source was published in 2004 and hence its information is more current.
Ocampo, José Antonio. Beyond reforms: structural dynamics and macroeconomic
Vulnerability. Washington D.C.: Stanford University Press, 2005.Print.
This source will be instrumental to my research in that it talks about the inequality those results from globalization. Ocampo, the author of this book, explains that though it might appear as if developing countries benefit from globalization due to increased economic growth, most of the developing countries do not realize economic development. Ocampo explains that the people who occupy the rich classes in developing nations are the only people who benefit from globalization in that they have property to trade. On the other hand, the poor only provide cheap labor but the wages that they get in return is not enough to help them improve their standards of living. This information is very important in my research in that I am at supporting the fact that globalization leads in economic growth within developing nations but does not promote economic development. In addition, this source was published in 2005 and hence its information is dependable.