Criminal justice careers are involved in protecting the law in cases that need enforcement of strict justice systems. Judicial system involves proper execution of legalities through the number of individuals who exercise it. As predictable, there are a number of criminal justice careers to choose, depending on the area of interest. People find the perfect career in the system of criminal justice. There are three core agencies of criminal justice where people can choose their careers interest. These parts are diverse from each other, though they cannot operate without the support from each other. They include corrections, law enforcement and adjudication. These agencies work together as a unit to enforce strict justice systems on a just and fair society. They are significant in maintaining the rule of law, which indicates that, no one is exempted from the law. In these career fields, criminal justice experts control and prevent crime, protect the public from damage, provide rehabilitation and detention services, and to ensure equal justice to citizens through a judicial system. Job careers exist at the state, federal and local levels of governmental rule.
Police officer jobs are on high demand. There are numerous police officer opportunities in the law implementation career field, hence the chance for a life of escapade. Societies depend on police officers in the protection of their properties and lives. Law enforcement officers perform these responsibilities in a diversity of ways depending on the type and size of their organization. Police officers arrest and pursue persons who disrupt the law and then give warnings and issue citations. The police officer investigates any questionable events they observe and patrols their jurisdictions. In most controls, they are anticipated to exercise authority when required, whether off or on duty. The daily activities of police personnel differ depending on their trained area of skills such as the detective, police officer, or game warden, and whether they are in employment at the state, local, or Federal level. Responsibilities also differ significantly among several Federal agencies, which impose different aspects of the law. Irrespective of job location and duties, officers at all levels are required to maintain precise records and write reports that will be required if they give evidence in court.
County Sheriff or Deputy Sheriff Careers is in high demand. Though there are fewer sheriff careers than those of a police officer, a chance for a life of adventure is certainly there. They execute the law on the county level. Departments of Sheriffs' tend to be comparatively small, having fewer than 50 affirmed officers. Sheriff's Deputies have duties in law enforcement related to those of officers in metropolitan police departments. Sheriffs are elected to their posts and perform obligations identical to those of a county or local police chief. Sheriffs’ deputies provide security in county courts and are known as bailiffs. As police officers, they carry out duties in a variety of ways, pursue and arrest individuals who break the law and give warnings and issue citations (Barnes, et al 29).
The State Troopers perform diversity of jobs on the State level. They are often referred to as State police officers, and they arrest criminals Statewide and patrol highways to execute motor vehicle regulations and laws. State police officers frequently give traffic citations to drivers. They direct traffic and call for emergency equipment at the sight of accidents. State troopers write reports used to establish the cause of the accident. The law enforcement activities operate in every State except Hawaii. Some states have no formal State Police department, but traffic safety and State motor vehicle department, thus leaving the State regulating matters to statewide organizations like the Justice department.
F.B.I. Special Agent
FBI jobs are on the increase, becoming an FBI Special Agent is like any job option people have ever considered. Everyday people have a chance to serve their country and have fun doing it. FBI Special Agents are accountable for conducting sensitive national security investigations and for imposing federal statutes. FBI Special Agent work on issues that encompass terrorism, kidnapping, organized crime, foreign counterintelligence, white-collar crime, extortion, public corruption, cyber-crime, civil rights violations, bank robbery, financial crime, air piracy, bribery, fugitive and drug-trafficking matters, interstate criminal activity, and other violations of federal statutes (Kleemans and Christianne 82)
A forensic scientist is a person of the team that investigates crimes. They gather analyzes, and documents, physical evidence from scenes of the crime. This evidence may include bullets, fingerprints, hair and blood. A forensic scientist, also called forensic science technician or a crime scene investigator specialize in the scene of crime investigation, which involves the cataloging and collection of evidence, and laboratory analysis, which includes using scientific approaches to classifying and identify evidence. Upward mobility in an individual career is achieved by moving to a crime scene investigator location with a larger agency of the federal government or law enforcement agency or by being eligible for a supervisory position (Blumstein and Kiminori 333).
Relevant Research on Career Opportunities within Criminal Justice System
A forensic scientist is required to reveal understanding of criminal prosecution and law enforcement investigative methods and detailed knowledge of the pertinent criminal law and case law of the state as it applies to their profession. Skills required for evidence processing must also comprise skills in the fields of anatomy, chemistry, and forensics. In various states, the CSI has the authority of permission to carry a weapon and arrest as a sworn-in law enforcement officer (LEO). As a specialized forensic examiner, they have regular working hours but also have nights and weekends when they are the CSI. One must be available when needed and respond quickly when called, and this is a basic requirement for this job position. The majority of work time is spent transporting evidence, attending autopsies and briefings and processing crime scenes as well as meeting with law enforcement agencies requiring assistance (Wilson 331).
According to the Bureau Statistics, Police, sheriffs and state trooper officers had median annual pays off $47,460 in May 2006. The middle 50 % earned between $35,600 and $59,880. The lowest 10 % earned less than $27,310, and the highest 10 % earned more than $72,450. The research showed that median annual earnings were $52,540 in State government, $43,510 in Federal Government and $47,190 in local government. On state trooper, median annual salaries were $52,540 in State government for the year 2006. Special Agent apprentices at the FBI Military institute are salaried as GS-10, step one ($43,441) and above the Quantico, VA locality adjustment (17.50%) through their time at the Academy. This equates to $51,043 per annum (or $1,963 each two-week salary period). An entry point CSI will receive an average pay of $51,000 to $63,000 (Blumstein and Kiminori 333). Earnings offered will be subjective to the law enforcement experience, and education related experience.
Criminal justice programs vary in different schools, contingent on the salary the individuals aim for, and the type of curriculum they are looking for, which can last for four years. Those who only want to train in the exact area in criminal justice just need a certificate. Certificate holders frequently get unskilled jobs to choose from, and the assignment get is very heavy. Training for two years will earn a person an associate's degree complete with essential skills connected to criminal justice.
Kleemans, Edward R, and Christianne J. de Poot. "Criminal careers in organized crime and social opportunity structure." European Journal of Criminology 5.1 (2008): 69-98.
Blumstein, Alfred, and Kiminori Nakamura."Redemption in the Presence of Widespread Criminal Background Checks." Criminology 47.2 (2009): 327-359.
Barnes, J. C., et al. "Analyzing the impact of a statewide residence restriction law on South Carolina sex offenders." Criminal Justice Policy Review 20.1 (2009): 21- 43.
Wilson, Jeremy M. "Articulating the dynamic police staffing challenge: An examination of supply and demand." Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 35.2 (2012): 327-355.
Nelligan, Peter J, and William Bourns. "Municipal contracting with county sheriffs for police services in California: Comparison of cost and effectiveness." Police Quarterly 14.1 (2011): 70-95.