Supporters of the amendment claim that nuclear energy serves an important role in the energy mix because it helps in meeting the future generation’s energy demands. Proponents of the policy’s amendment claim that nuclear power provides clean energy because using nuclear energy does not destroy the ozone layer through emission of greenhouse gasses. Those who support amending the policy claim that nuclear power provides a solution to sustainable energy because producers can achieve continuous production of nuclear energy.
Opponents believe that the nuclear power has dangerous effects on human beings because the process of producing energy involves radiation, which causes cancer. Opponents also believe that amending the policy will create a loophole where people can assemble nuclear weapons because the policy does not specify the nuclear components allowed. Furthermore, the people against the policy claim that nuclear plants may dispose of waste irresponsibly that would lead to terror attacks.
Profiles of Stakeholders
Industrialists in collaboration with the nuclear energy institute support the amendment of the policy. Industrialists play an important role in the development and manufacturing of basic utilities. They require a reliable and sustainable source of energy at affordable costs.
Climate scientists perform research regarding the effects of human activities on the climate. In this debate, they assess the effect of nuclear energy on the ozone layer and global warming. They educate the public on the activities, which contribute to global warming. They also alert the public on climatic changes that may affect them.
Nuclear companies invest in the production of nuclear energy. They produce nuclear energy and sell it to companies and other users. They maintain controls over nuclear plants are responsible for harm caused by their plants.
National governments have a responsibility to formulate and implement policies, which protect their citizens from any harm. Governments also have the authority to ratify or reject any policy from becoming law. In this debate, the governments must create national policies, which abide with the United Nations provision. The governments must also ensure that they work as the oversight body for nuclear companies to ensure they abide with the policy.
Industrialists engage in different production and manufacturing activities to provide different utilities to consumers. Industrialists play an important role in the creation of jobs. In this debate, the industrialists oppose the policy with claims that setting up nuclear plants requires much capital.
The citizens at large, they form the greater population of the beneficiaries from nuclear energy. They stand to suffer great losses in case of destruction. They also stand to enjoy affordable sources of energy for their homes and daily routines. The entire project revolves around the citizens.
Arguments That Revolve Around Nuclear Energy
Proponents believe that the nuclear power provides a solution to the energy problem that continues to hinder economic growth. The highest expense in producing nuclear energy lies in the capital of putting up nuclear plants. After setting up the production plants, producing nuclear energy becomes an affordable activity. The nuclear energy provides an affordable source of energy for manufacturing and other industries. Affordable energy leads to economic growth. Once the stakeholders set up the nuclear plants, they will continue to produce nuclear energy at affordable prices. Industrialists will obtain the nuclear energy at affordable prices since the production process involves low costs. For the development, the country needs a sustainable source of energy. Nuclear power provides a sustainable source of energy. Nuclear power provides energy through different continuous techniques as compared to fuel and other forms of energy whose reserves keep decreasing.
Supporters of the policy believe that the nuclear power can provide energy solutions for the current and future generations. Proponents believe that the nuclear power provides sustainable energy, which can serve generations continuously. Nuclear power provides a source of renewable energy. In addition, the process of producing nuclear energy does not require large quantities of uranium. Minimal use of raw materials means that producers can continue to provide nuclear power over a long period. Proponents also believe that nuclear energy does not harm the ozone layer. Using other sources of energy pollutes the environment by depleting the ozone layer. Depleting the ozone layer leads to climate change in the form of global warming. With the current rates of global warming, the world should begin moving towards sources of energy like nuclear energy due to their benefits in the environment.
Opponents believe that producing nuclear energy involves radiation. The process of producing nuclear energy entails the splitting of atoms, which requires radiation to take place. Radiation has harmful effects on human health. Research shows that the radiation causes cancer on human beings. Opponents claim that the production of nuclear energy leads to growth of cancerous cells in human beings. Opponents claim that the radiation used in nuclear energy production destroys land. Radiation has dangerous effects on land. The effects continue to affect the land for a long time. Therefore, opponents claim that the production of nuclear energy harms humans` activities such as agriculture by destroying arable land. The effects of radiation caused by nuclear plants continue to be felt in Hiroshima. Radiation makes productive land become obsolete and people cannot use it for their daily activities.
Opponents also believe that the policy provides free operation of nuclear plants. The policy creates a security concern as people may use this loophole in manufacturing nuclear weapons. The policy does not state clearly, who has the mandate of handling nuclear plants and producing nuclear energy. The policy may have a good intention of allowing people to exploit nuclear energy. However, terrorists and malicious characters may use this opportunity to manufacture nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons cause more harm than any other weapons. The use of nuclear weapons may end an entire generation. Other nations may also use the policy as a cover to manufacture and use nuclear weapons during the war. Countries that cannot afford producing nuclear weapons will suffer defeat from those who produce. Opponents also claim that nuclear waste poses a threat to humanity. Nuclear waste has the ability of destroying the ecosystem for ages. The ecological and environmental effects caused by nuclear energy are irreversible. The nuclear plants themselves also pose a threat to humanity. Mishandling of nuclear plants may result to tragic events such as the destruction of livelihoods. The nuclear plants may also become terrorist targets. Terrorists may perform their missions using nuclear plants because the effects spread everywhere. An attack on a single power plant may destroy an entire city or state depending on the state of nuclear reactors.
Analysis of the Arguments
Many countries do not have oil reserves. For this reason, nuclear power offers an alternative source of energy. As the population increases, industrialization increases and this call for more sources of energy. Nuclear power provides this source of energy. The main cost lies in setting up nuclear plants. After the set up of nuclear plants, operating these plants requires fewer costs and thus this provides an economically viable solution. In the case of oil as a source of energy, the continuous process of drilling oil has high costs. Oil provides a non-renewable source of energy. The reserves of oil keep reducing as people drill it for fuel. Reduction of oil reserves poses a threat to the energy reserves for future generations. Nuclear plants provide an opportunity to continue producing nuclear energy, which can serve the current and future generations. Nuclear energy does not pose a threat to the environment. Nuclear power provides a clean source of energy. Clean energy helps in solving the global climate change.
On the other hand, the process of producing nuclear energy emits radiation. Radiation poses a threat to human health as it causes cancer. Radiation also destroys the arable land. Radiation means that any destruction on nuclear plants can lead massive loss of lives and property. It also shows that the destruction of nuclear plants can destroy the sources of livelihood for human beings. The policy also poses a loophole for the assembling of nuclear weapons. The policy does not present a clear indication of the parties allowed to handle nuclear plants. Nuclear plants pose the risk of attacks from terrorists. Terrorists understand the nature of destruction that nuclear plants can cause. They may target nuclear plants to attack countries.
The policy needs amendment to allow the production of nuclear energy because it provides affordable energy. The government should amend the policy and allow the establishment of nuclear plants because they will provide alternative sources of sustainable energy. Nuclear energy can serve more generations than other sources of energy. The government should amend the policy because it does not produce harmful gases into the environment.
The government should not amend the policy because nuclear plants will become terrorism targets. The government should not amend the policy because it may provide a loophole for the production of nuclear weapons. The government should avoid amending the policy because the production of nuclear energy produces radiation, which harms human health.