Intelligence design and Darwinian Theory of evolution
Intelligence design is a scientific research program that constitutes professionals ranging from scientists, philosophers and the community of believers that are trying to seek the evidence-based design work. This design says that matters of existence and world origins are best explained by an intellectual undertaking and not a story that has no direction like the Darwinian Theory of natural selection (DeWolf et al., 2007).When one studies the components of a given measure, one can outline the issues of law, chances in life and conditions found in intelligence design. It is only through intelligence that scientists can formulate the information and use their outright criteria to evade the presumptions. Intelligence design believes in the context of seeing is to believing. The science world is intertwined in the evidence-based scenarios that are pushed to tests which are further confirmed by inferences. The result forms the basis for intelligence design. Thinking from these perspectives, analysts and researchers argue that God himself in the holy book, as explained that despite Him being invisible, His creations are seen and easily observed by the human beings making them believe He entirely exists. In this case, the schools are justified to allow intelligence design in the curriculum. The reason for this argument is because once questions of creation and existence of observable matter in the world arise, then the conviction achieved from the study of the evolution will be testable some degree but not accepted to have started from nowhere. (Du, 2013).
The intelligence design does not deny that the existence of evolution and creationist stories is not by any chance supernatural. Honest critics in the field of intelligence research accept that there must be a difference between creationists and intelligence design. Many have tried to discredit the intelligence movement but their principles on enlightening people from scientific intelligence on world matters remain intact (Prodger et al., 2009) The Darwinian proponents try to detract the intelligence design by many forms but forget to address the merits with which it’s associated. Intelligence design is a scientific theory since it goes through all stages of research to present its accord. The stages of observation, experimentation, and hypothesis and a conclusion that is verifiable. Intelligence observers first observe the information, and then the theorists hypothesize the design and then the scientists are allowed to perform an experimental discourse before finalizing in their conclusive statements (Shapiro, 2001).The nature of reversing the science in the existence and functionality of these organs or being is testable. It is aimed at trying to recognize if at all one or a being can live without another part of its component is left out. The intelligence group ascertains their proof by the fact that a certain number of irreducibility in biological concepts is achievable. The proof gives a scientific approach that some forms of being and existence were designed and not from some natural undirected discourse (Elani et al., 2012).
Organizations on intelligence designs
According to the discovery institute, the science behind evolution was good as laid down by our past scientists like Charles Darwin. Under the intelligence design, it is prudent to argue that the forms and existence of creation are correct. The assertion is that despite a different view by evolutionists, the other divided groups on the matter still accept that the universe was somehow designed. Now, the proponents of intelligence design in asking questions that if the universe was designed? Who did it if not God? And is there anything wrong with being curious about other theories explaining things in a manner that is worrying and seems unsatisfactory? No! The point here is that all viewpoints from both sides should be listened to and verified and not shunned away as a way of escaping the realities of the world. Therefore, the naturalists like Darwin and his proponents are contradicting themselves here because they view that the world is designed but do not want to accept that there must have been a conscious designer that made it possible to happen. The argument might look fallacious on their side because believing in natural happenings only happen through the magic of invisible nature that can only come from an invisible conscious designer, in this case, God. The analysts argue that the knowledge attained by introducing the intelligent design is not with an intention to ignore the biological aspect of design systems. However, the knowledge tries to prove that as much as scientists are right in their findings, there are still weaknesses associated with their theories, and the intelligent design was aimed at critical analysis in explaining science to students when it is newly introduced to schools.
According to the institute for creation and research, the human brain can store more memory than a regular computer internet. The institution argues that there are tiny structures in the human brains and the nerve cells that can co-ordinate the power to compute and increase the levels of energy within which people operate (Du et al., 2013).The debate in whether intelligence design should be introduced to schools or nor is arguably debatable. The factual reasoning and argument on testable hypotheses by the intelligence analysts is just in line with the naturalists thinking too, only that the omnipresent nature of the design worry the same evolutionists. A sound understanding would thus prevail between the biologists and the campaign groups advocating for the intelligent designs in schools. The Creation Institute advocates for the ability of the brains to keep great levels of synapse through higher computations hence the evolution of single cells and natural processes (Efthimiou, Kouroupetroglou, and Fotinia, 2012).
Biblical and scientific explanation
The Discovery and Creation Institute were the main advocates of the movements who ascribed to the existence and introduction of intelligence designs in schools. The two organizations laid accusations on the context of being discriminated upon due to their surge with designs improvements and critical analysis of the evolutionary theories (Darwinian theory).They argue that Darwin's theory of evolution is widely accepted, but the intelligent design is rejected but without grounds of disapproval (Pennock, 2001). The institutions aim was to conduct public relations to create awareness of the benefits associated with learning intelligent designs through Christianity and convictions. The Discovery institution explains that evolution theories is bent on naturalism and has been materialistic in nature since time in memorial. The organization argued that the materialistic view of evolution theories are the cause of the world's problems, and its aim is to reverse this nature and make the world better by introducing the intelligent design that would create a different perspective in the worldview. The organization was searching for a groundbreaking period to make it possible for the scientific analysts to see sense and accept the existence of the intelligent designs. Evolutionists in the United States argue that there must be an invisible power to make the universe what it is. For instance in the wall street journal of 1997, many academicians and scientists revealed that they believed in God due to the existence of constant objects of nature that made the universe a design (Efthimiou, Kouroupetroglou, and Fotinia, 2012).
According to Nina Shapiro, the analyst argues that issues of human welfares are just but misguided levels of Darwinian Theory. She argues that the Darwin theory regards people simply as motive and a matter-oriented, unlike the intelligent design that sees the welfare of humans as more than just having motion and content of their psychological structures. The argument by a leading evolutionist in the U.S (Stephen Hawking) is that people are even more moral and religious in nature and not merely existing through motion and thought. He further accepts that God being invisible must have created human beings to act as his agents of representing his existence. His teachings (Hawkings) prove a support on the existence of a conscious designer of our universe and the conclusion to his hypotheses would see curriculum in schools become viable to train the student on the morality and ethics of intelligent designs. The institute was bent on exposing all their knowledge on the thoughts they deem weak or untrue about the evolution theory with a reason to get it right scientifically. The Discovery and Creation research institutes had aims to position themselves in political and advertisement campaigns such that they would use the ‘Teach the Controversy and Creative Analysis Campaigns' (Quanmen, 2006)
The organizational views and facts
The scientific and evolutionary theories were well accepted by the U.S Congress as a teaching model to engage both the intelligent designs and the scientific theories of evolution. The action was aimed at teaching continuously on the intelligence design so that researchers get to the findings, and then share out their outcomes of the learning process. The shortcomings will be seen and corrected through numerous processes like debates and the spaces left unturned by missing knowledge will be finally filled by the intelligent design principles (Benjamin, 2008). For instance in the United Kingdom, scientists have been naturalists and atheists in nature. The shocking fact of telling people that humans evolved, and the universe was designed is when they alone cannot comprehend who designed all these because the fact of the matter is that the human species and the existence in the universe are purely design. Analyst (Penock) explains that the realities of the evolution theories lack good propositions to support their discourse for not adopting the intelligence designs. Discovery Institution conducted many anti-discrimination campaigns which they argued that was against the free will of the students and teachers to choose from which direction to follow concerning scientific evolution and introductions to intelligence design (Willis, 2006).
The institution used public relations strategy to educate the citizens on the reasons for adoption and the challenges they were facing their organization (Brown et al., 2003). Through such organizations, it was evident to outline by their research scientists that the universe and the human beings structure were not just a mere happening, and some form of ingenuity must have played a part in designing them. The result of this test is that even non-believers in the holy book explanations which are scientists and renowned scholars, tend to admit that the universe did not just happened because even the inanimate objects have structures that purport they were purely a design from a supernatural power, in this case, God. In 2005, it took the initiative of President Bush to intervene in the matter. The President talked about introducing the intelligence design and alongside teaching the evolution theories to create consensus among the scientific researchers. Researcher, DeWolf in discovery institute supported the claim that intelligence design is experimental and should not have been seen as an alternative but also as a standard evolutionary theory. The analysts argued that the design was aimed at giving both legal and reasonable accounts of the practical nature involving intelligence design (Brinton, 2005).Some physicians and doctors supported the intelligence design claiming that Darwinism theory was more of natural selection unlike the reality of forms and mutations involved in a human body set up (Philip et al., 2009).The scientists explained that they were skeptical on the originality and complexity in the ability of Darwinian Theory to convince them of the true nature of the evolution theory via natural selection
Reflection on Darwin’s Theory and Intelligence Design
The aspect of the IDM as a movement has been seen to be more of a biblical movement through intelligent students and professionals that disregarded Darwinism Theory of evolution. The group believed that the existence of cells by natural selection theory could not happen by chance since the nature of the cells were complex and would not be easily passed inherently to another generation. In essence, the IDM movement deduced most of its proponents by explaining matters of theism and aliens invading in our world today. On the other end, atheists have used the evolution theory to explain something visible that has come from nothing in the context of undirected and non-proven courses. This advent alone makes the naturalists vague and unfair in denying the intelligence analysts a space to show the world reality through their virtue of experimented and tested curiosity. The issue of the intelligence design and evolution has created tension in the U.S and the entire western world. The reason is that the matter has construed morality and the accountability to the Christian believe in God. The value of intelligence design was tested when people realized that our worldview is not purely bent on existence but the ability to ask many questions and get their answers. For instance, why people die, where is God? Why do people go hungry and others are rich with abundance? Etc. To an extent, the institutions involved in explaining such questions do not mean that humanity is defying God's creation but the curiosity to know the extent of human and world originality. They argue that if people can believe that Darwin theory of evolution id real and practical, and still believe that God created man, then who is to affirm the right from the wrong architect of mankind's evolution?
The ID Movement is involved in enlightening and empowering not just Christians, but the whole world about the origin of human species but do not necessarily give answers to the same topic. On the side of philosophical naturalism, the ID Movement tries to explain the nature and origin of beings which is a positive culture in debating the beginning of mankind. The ID Movement had numerous Christians aligned with them due to their unique and curious nature of wanting to get answers to their existence and the spiritual growth. Of course, believers are aligned to God as the creator of all things in the world, but the ID is right in questioning the Darwinian Theory. The outcome is that if God created all, how is it that Darwinian and his proponents capable of believing in natural evolution out of nowhere? An ID movement being a Christian-oriented course, it is somehow an eye opener in the real worldview of scientific flaws and hypotheses. The fact of the matter is that the movement can be of great use if not disallowed by undemocratic governments. Its application in school will offer an opportunity for the world to debate and reason. The platform created here will result in an amicable and a true society that will see the world and science becoming one in a global scale. The naturalists have their idea of the existence in the universe, but the I.D is also just via the professionals in the field of science that have accepted the presence of a supernatural power who designed the world and its constituents. It is only a quest for understanding that makes the basis of the I.D principles and beliefs.
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