Considering the impact of findings in the field of psychology as well as other medical sectors, I think that the use of pets and animals such as mice to support research is justified. I think that, the findings from such research activities greatly foster the improvement in both the public health and the medical health sectors (Miles, 1931, pp.275-278). The basis for my assertions is a simple analysis into the past medical history, which is characterized by milestones covered because of successful use of pets and certain animals in the scientific research into certain conditions and remedies for such conditions.
My opinion is not only affected by the readings of this assignment but also a review of the previous accomplishments in the medical fraternity that has proven the efficiency of use of the mentioned animals in scientific research. The fact that law prohibits the use of human beings in such kinds of research leaves the use of the animals as a possible substitute. Furthermore, it is assumed that in the case that human beings were used in the experiments, the outcome of the study would almost be similar. Again, provided the required regulations and ethics of the project are followed, the degree of harm is controlled to acceptable limits. For instance, the research ought to have a clear purpose that is scientifically oriented (Plous, 1996, pp.352-358).
In addition to the research projects having a clear purpose, the nature experiments are also worth considering. This is to imply that the circumstances surrounding the experiment ought to be as human as possible. This circumstances range from ways employed at acquiring the animals, the mentality of the personnel involved in the experiments, the housing, and care given to the laboratory animals to the actual procedures involved (Miles, 1931, pp.275-278). It is important that consideration of favorable conditions is paid attention in respect to the set of ethics and regulations associated to the use of animals in scientific research.
I think that the invention of technologies such as the functional magnetic resonance imaging will reduce the use of animal testing. The technology that measures the level of brain activity by assessing associated changes in the blood flow will provide a key milestone in the psychological studies of human beings. Such advanced technology is sure to prove more efficient compared to the use of animals in scientific research and thus shift the focus to scientific research based on the blood flow measurement. The efficiency would be improved by the fact that the technology is used on actual human beings and, therefore, the findings got are more accurate in respect of the users of such information who are the human beings. As such, the variances between the animals used and human beings for whom the experiments are intended do not have to be considered. This implies that the experiments are meant to suit human beings directly.
However, I think that the use of the technology on human beings will pose a risk to the health of the people used for the scientific experiments. The use of the magnetization technology may yield adverse health repercussions such as claustrophobia. In addition, the powerful static fields used in the research study have been found to affect implanted devices such as pacemakers and thus risking the wellbeing of the individuals involved. Pregnant women are also warned of potential risks of health complications out of the imaging sessions.
Miles, W. R. (1931). Unidirectional Mazes for use with Animals. The Journal of General Psychology, 5(2), 275-278.
Plous, S. (1996). Attitudes Toward the Use of Animals in Psychological Research and Education: Results From a National Survey of Psychology Majors. Psychological Science, 7(6), 352-358.