Reduction in the level of performance within the workplaces have been witnessed in the contemporary world with stiff competition and economic crisis, causing budget cuts and layoffs options to address the situation. The effect of budget cuts and layoffs is increased uncertainty, fear, as well as higher degrees of stress. Certain workplace stress may be treated normal; excessive stress may lower level of performance and affect emotional and physical health of workers (Rossi, Quick, & Perrewe, 2009).
Many steps exist that an employee may pursue to reduce overall stress levels. These may include taking responsibility for enhancing emotional and physical health (Hicks & McSherry, 2006). Stress can be reduced by avoiding pitfalls through acknowledging knee-jerk traits and negative attitudes, which add to stress at workplace. Moreover, learning appropriate communication skills may help improve and ease relationships with coworkers and management (Hicks & McSherry, 2006).
Tips for time management can best contribute to reducing job stress (Harris, 2008). Such time management tips include establishing a balanced timetable. This may be achieved through assessing schedule, responsibilities, as well as daily duties. A balance must be found between family life, solitary pursuits, work, social activities, downtime, and daily responsibilities (Harris, 2008). Stress can also be better managed through planning regular breaks. Ensuring that short breaks are taken throughout the day by taking a walk and clearing the mind assist in reducing stress (Harris, 2008).
Stress can be managed by identifying warning signs of stress at place of work. When one feel overburdened at work, loss of confidence is felt, and one become quickly withdrawn and irritable. This may make a worker less effective and productive on the job, and work appear less rewarding. Ignoring stress warning signs can result in bigger problems. Apart from impeding job satisfaction and performance, intense or chronic stress may also lead to emotional and physical health problems (Harris, 2008).
Harris, J. (2008). Time management: 100 success secrets: the 100 most asked questions on skills, tips, training, tools and techniques for effective time management. Brisbane, Australia: Emereo.
Hicks, T., & McSherry, C. (2006). A guide to managing workplace stress. Boca Raton, FL: Universal Publishers.
Rossi, A. M., Quick, J. C., & Perrewe, P. L. (2009). Stress and quality of working life: The positive and the negative. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Pub.