Background of Study
Homeschooling and traditional public schooling are two different techniques of education. Ultimately homeschooling is the youngster’s teaching place apart from the official school backgrounds and is typically assumed to be reliable by parents or tutors. Notwithstanding the designation, only a portion of home schooling may be done in the family home, with the rest being done inside the traditional public schools. The homeschooling in the present situation is a substitute in industrialized republics to choice for parents in voluminous realms.
Many debates are going on about the education system of the United States, and when our schools are ranked, they are found to be average when related to the rest of the world. The United States ranks number 35 in Math and number 29 in Science (Frisby, 2013). Parents while looking at these statistics are not happy and are confused while making decisions about the future of their children. At this point parents are confused about deciding between the choice of public schooling or home schooling (Graves and Wright, 2013).Homeschooling in the United States constitutes about the education of 3.4% that is around 2 million students of the United States (Pena, et all, 2010). This statistic is alarming for the private schools of the country because results of home school students are better than public school students. A lot of studies has been conducted that explain about the statistics of homeschooling and private schooling in the country (Pena, ET all, 2010).
The population of students based on homeschooling is increasing at an estimate of 2% to 8% per annum during recent years (Jee, 2007). Home-based education is growing because of the minority population in the country like Hispanics and their interest in teaching their children (Walker, et all, 2011). All through the United States, the concept of homeschooling is enhancing after looking at the figures of 3.0 million pupils that are home based. The estimates numbers of homeschooling during 2011 show that about 1.99 to 2.48 million pupils in grades K to 12 are getting education that is home based. When talking about public schools, the advantages or benefits of public schooling in the country are the amount of diverse and advanced courses that are thought in the schools (Ice and Dempsy, 2011). Richman (n.a) when asked about home based schooling, he explains that most individuals in the country consist of single parents that are busy in their careers and cannot give quality time to their children thereby home based schooling cannot be effective. Boger and Orfield (2005) explain that home schooling saves money in that the parents are able to save on the extra public school tuition fees. However, the basic and important requirement of a family is to devote time for the children and is equipped with a professional degree.
Recent facts about the adults of home schooling and public schooling were examined that gave quite dramatic results of these children that are now grownups. Evaluation on communication skills, marital life, maturity and socialization were conducted by Ray (2014) titled “A Survey of Investigation at the Dawn of the New Millennium” and the facts explained that home school students were better in every category than public school students. This data presents new dimensions for parents as they start realizing about the future of their students after looking at these facts (Moore, 2006).
Purpose of Study
The purpose of this study is to compare educational outcomes between traditional public school students and homeschooled adults in the real world. This is because there is a need to find the best educational platform for the students so that the parents can make informed decisions on the choices that they make. The students can also confide in the education system that they have chosen to know that it is the best system.
Refined Research Questions
Does the traditional public schooling result in better outcomes for students than homeschooling?
1. Do students who were home-schooled in high school have higher college GPAs than students from public high school?
2. Do students who were home schooled have higher self-esteem than students from public school?
3. Do students who were home-schooled in high school have a lower unemployment rate and higher income rates after graduation than students from public high school?
Refined Data Sources
The research questions will be answered by survey questions. I will be surveying individuals 25 years and older who have graduated from college at least 5 years ago. My two populations that I will be sampling from are 1) people who were home-schooled, and 2) people who went through traditional public school. This data will help in comparing the outcome of my potential questions and testing the hypothesis.
H1: Students who were home-schooled in high school will have higher college GPAs than students from public high school.
H2: Students who were home-schooled will have higher self-esteem than students from public school.
H3: Students who were home-schooled in high school will have a lower unemployment rates after graduation than students from public high school.
H4: Students who were home-schooled in high school will have a higher income rates after graduation than students from public school.
Boger, J., & Orfield, G. (2005). School Resegregation: Must the South Turn Back? Univ of North Carolina Press.
Butz, C. (n.d.). Sociability of Students in a Home-Based Charter School. Retrieved from http://a2zhomeschooling.com/main_articles/student_sociability_charter_school/
Cogan, M. (2009). Exploring academic outcomes of homeschooled students. University of St. thomas.
Dewar, G. (2011). Homeschooling outcomes. Retrieved from http://www.parentingscience.com/homeschooling-outcomes.html
Frisby, C. (2013). Meeting the Psychoeducational Needs of Minority Students: Evidence-Based guidelines for school (p. 556). Canada: John Wiley & Sons.
Freeman, W., & Jackson, M. (n.d.). UnCommon Sense about Learning. UnCommon Sense About.
Graves, S., & Wright, L. (2013). Parent involvement at school entry: A national examination of group differences and achievement. School Pscholgy International.
Ice, C., & Dempsey, K. (2011). Linking Parental Motivations for Involvement and Student Proximal Achievement Outcomes in Homeschooling and Public Schooling Settings. Education and Urban Society.
Jee, G. (2007). Social Linguistics and Literacies: Ideology in Discourses. Routledge.
Moore, A. (2006). Schooling, Society and Curriculum. Routledge.
Pena, J., Mattiehu, M., Zayas, L., Masyn, K., & Cayne, E. (2010). Co-occurring risk behaviors among White, Black, and Hispanic US high school adolescents with suicide attempts requiring medical attention, 1999–2007: Implications for future prevention initiatives. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47(1).
Ray, B. (2014, January 1). Research facts on homeschooling. Retrieved from http://www.nheri.org/research/research-facts-on-homeschooling.html.
Ray, B. D. (2000). Home Schooling on the Threshold: A Survey of Research at the Dawn of the New Millennium.
Richman, H. (n.d.). What do Homeschoolers do after Graduation? Retrieved from http://www.pahomeschoolers.com/newsletter/issue66.htm
Walker, J., Ice, C., & Dempsy, H. (2011). Latino parents' motivations for involvement in their children's schooling: An exploratory study. The Elementary School Journal, 111(3).