The research paper deals with correlation of asthma risk among adults in Finland as a result of infant RSV bronchiolitis and reduced respiratory health-related quality of life after RSV pneumonia. The research includes the patients participated in different kinds of clinical study such as measurement of lung function, skin prick test, doctor examination, etc. The research group stated the problem to follow up the sequelae of the respiratory syncytial virus lower respiratory tract infection (RSV LRTI) from infant age with asthma, atopy, and lung function in adulthood. The researchers used several tests to give the statistics for the results: chi-square test, logistic registration, analysis of variance, Mann-Whitney U-test, Saint George Raspiratory Questionnaire. Hence, asthma risk was defined at the adult study subjects hospitalized for bronchiolitis in childhood and lower risk of respiratory health-related quality of life after RSV pneumonia.
Keywords: asthma, skin prick test, RSV bronchiolitis, atopy, lung function
The significance of the problem covered in the article is important, as it shows interrelation of such spheres of science as medicine, pharmacy, statistics, sociology, aiming at improving medical service and the situation in population health care. The problem has a sufficiently clear and concise expression showing the sequelae of the disease during the whole person’s life or a certain life period. (Backman, K., Piippo-Savolainen, E., Ollikainen, H., Koskela, H., & Korppi, M., 2014).
Highly-qualified doctors and nurses should always be informed about any researches in their field. Especially it should be taken into consideration by nurses, as they spend more time with patients. Taking analyses, monitoring the patients, filling in the patients’ documents and providing individual approach is not a complete list of nurse’s responsibilities. Thus, awareness in professional aspect characterizes a good specialist. The work of the medical personnel with the published studies like this helps to keep abreast of any developments, study them and appraise their significance and gives the possibility to apply it in the clinical practice. (Susan, K., Grove, Jennifer, R., Gray, & Nancy, Burns, 2014).
The background of the given research was the RSV epidemic in Finland in 1981 (Backman, K., Piippo-Savolainen, E., Ollikainen, H., Koskela, H., & Korppi, M., 2014). The reason was the number of self-reported and doctor diagnosed patients with asthma and respiratory tract infection who addressed to the hospitals after many years. Thus, important questionnaire data were collected. Saint George Raspiratory Questionnaire was particularly very individual and valuable.
There is the need for additional study in the problem stated, as such researches help to find out the consequences of the disease and to make steps in preventing or choosing the alternative treatment for future patients in a more effective way (Susan, K., Grove, Jennifer, R., Gray, & Nancy, Burns, 2014).
The objective of the whole work done was to evaluate the association between diseases during and after 30 years. Though the hypothesis about association between childhood RSV LRTI and asthma in adulthood was controversial at first, some results received afterwards improved the hypothesis about this disease association even after so many years.
Backman, K., Piippo-Savolainen, E., Ollikainen, H., Koskela, H., & Korppi, M. (2014). Adults face increased asthma risk after infant RSV bronchiolitis and reduced respiratory health-related quality of life after RSV pneumonia. Acta Paediatrica, 103(8), 850-855. doi:10.1111/apa.12662
Susan, K., Grove, Jennifer, R., Gray, & Nancy, Burns. (2014). Understanding Nursing Research. Building an Evidence-Based Practice (6th ed.). Maryland Heights, MO: Elsevier/Saunders