The institutional affiliation
This caesardom was established by Turkic tribes in Anatolia. The Ottoman Empire has existed from 1299 to 1923, in other words, more than 600 years. Its title comes from the name of Sultan Osman I, the founder of the dynasty of the Ottomans. The empire reached its peak of influence during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent. Many causes contributed to the rise of the new powers. For example, the Millet System. It was a legal court refered to personal rights, in which some communities could rule according to their own rules. The Millet System of Islamic law has been one of the earliest and brightest examples among the other legal systems.
The Sultanate has played a big role in the development of the Ottoman Empire. The Sultanate was started by Murad I. The next were Bayezid I, Suleyman Çelebi, Mehmed I and Musa Çelebi. The reign had ended by Sultan Murad II. Besides, the most striking characters of the Ottoman Empire became Janissaries. It was a regular infantry of the strong army. In the beginning, Janissaries were professional archers, but in length of time they switched to the fire arm. Moreover, the Janissary’s regiments performed police, security, fire and, where appropriate, punitive functions in the Ottoman Empire. These people were considered as slaves of the sultan and constantly lived in monasteries or barracks.
Nevertheless, the Millet System, Sultanate and Janissaries positively influenced the Ottoman Empire, it failed. Perhaps, the reasons of its failure were accumulated gradually. One cause was that the Ottoman justice system became corrupted that stopped to fully protect the citizens' rights. Next reason was the appearance of educated people who called into doubt the Islamic faith. Moreover, it was created the Sultanate of Women. Thus, the reasons for the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire was loss of the motivation, previously helped it to move from victory to victory.
Bbc.co.uk,. (2014). BBC - Religions - Islam: Ottoman Empire (1301-1922). Retrieved 6 November 2014, from http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/history/ottomanempire_1.shtml
Ceylan, E., "The Millet System in the Ottoman Empire."New Millennium Perspectives in the Humanities" ed. J. Upton-Ward (New York: Global Humanities Press, 2002), pp. 245-266.