Essential aspects of a good health and safety program for an emergency company
Essential features of a good heath are steps in the self-creation of a healthy life and a healthy body, which involves taking responsibility for one's actions. These include exercising the body, relaxing, enough sleep, healthy eating habit, and emotional balance, which give ones valuable information on how one may do for his or her lives to be happy. Safety program for an emergency company is the plan put aside by the company to ensure they respond appropriately towards an emergency.
The emergency organization should be engaged in the process of ensuring emergency management is appropriately planned. They should maximize their linkages and collaborations; have procedures for communicating with external and internal stakeholders and financial viability in the event of an emergency (Lundgren, & McMakin, 2013).
Difference between top-down and bottom-up approaches to policy formation and implementation Top-down approach is the implementation of a policy decision by executive order, statute, or court decision; while the authoritative choices are "centrally placed'' by actors who produce the "anticipated results." The bottom-up approach initiates with the service deliverers and target groups, as they find that, the target groups are the actual implementer's of policy. Prior to revealing the relative utility of the top-down and bottom-up approaches among the nature of task environments and changing policy.
The top-down approach is a clear-cut system of control and command from the government to the project, which concerns the people. The approach system showcases: knowledge of pertinent cause and effects, a clear hierarchy of authority, clear and consistent goals articulated at the top of the hierarchical environment. Moreover, bottom-uppers contend that if local bureaucrats are not permitted discretion in the implementation process with respect to local conditions, then the strategy is "likely to fail." Bottom-uppers are possibly to be reflective of community interests, whereas top-downers are likely to impose a strategy narrowly upon focused interest groups (Crescenzi, & Rodríguez-Pose, 2011).
Crescenzi, R., & Rodríguez-Pose, A. (2011). Reconciling top-down and bottom-up development policies. Environment and planning A, 43(4), 773-780.
Lundgren, R. E., & McMakin, A. H. (2013). Risk communication: A handbook for communicating environmental, safety, and health risks. John Wiley & Sons.