Project managements is the process where skills, knowledge and techniques are applied to a project in order to meet, or even surpass, the needs and aspirations of Stakeholders (Valacich et. al, 2009). Throughout the Systems Development Life Circle, project management takes place in the phase where design and analysis occur and it includes 5 key stages: Initiation, Planning, Executing, Controlling and Closing (Valacich et. al, 2009).
Planning Phase is when the plan of the project is developed and it is the phase when the project team identifies what is going to be produced and how they will get there. First, it is necessary to set solid foundation to base the project on, by identifying the relevant and most proper processes that need to take place (Valacich et. al, 2009).
Then a planning strategy needs to be established by the same project team, which includes risk assessment and risk management (Valacich et. al, 2009). The next phase requires coordination between people and available resources, by assigning each task to the most competent and knowledgeable people, activate risk management contingency plan and set up deadlines, among others (Valacich et. al, 2009). At the same time, Controlling stage monitors that process of the project to make sure that the initial objectives are met (Valacich et. al, 2009), to finally reach the closing phase where the project is officially accepted.
Information systems can improve their quality with a standard project framework provided by Systems Development Life Cycle (Currie et. al, 2007), which can be equally applied to healthcare to improve quality. Data collection procedures and quality assurance principals are perhaps the main contributors to the overall quality of the Electronic Health Records and patient registries (Gliklich and Dreyer, 2010). In order to meet the project’s objective and allow healthcare staff evaluate patient outcomes, it is necessary to follow a procedure where “design, implementation, analysis, interpretation and quality evaluation of registries” (Gliklich and Dreyer, 2010) is necessary.
Valacich, J., George, J., and Jeffrey A. Hoffer, (2009). “Essentials of Systems Analysis and Design: An international version’ 4th edition” .Pearson Education International
Curry JM, McGregor C, Tracy S. (2007). “A systems development life cycle approach to patient journey modeling projects” Stud Health Technol Inform.; 129(Pt. 2):905-9.
Gliklich RE, Dreyer NA. (2010). “Registries for Evaluating Patient Outcomes: A User's Guide. 2nd edition”. Rockville (MD): Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (US); September 2010. Publication No.: 10-EHC049. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK49444/>