In the last thirty years, community corrections have turned out to be an important part of the system of corrections. In recent times, the change towards choices to the strategies has been in response to quickly improving the populations of prison in United States and Canada. Legislators in United States and Canada have passed legislation in recent times thought at stabilizing or reducing the populations of prison .
The programs for community crime prevention or strategies target alter in community infrastructure, the physical environment, and culture to decrease the rates of crime. The variety of approaches includes neighborhood watch, urban or physical design, community policing and multi-disciplinary or comprehensive efforts. These strategies possibly look to enlist residents, faith-based firms and community, and agencies of local government in addressing the elements that lead to the community’s crime, disorder and delinquency .
The treatment of rehabilitation was a dominant response to criminal charges until concerns started to increase in the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. Those against to rehabilitation asked the utilization of discretion afforded to the officials of state in delivering and determining treatment as a sentence, against its use as a technique of discrimination and control .
Advocates of community corrections claim that the programs for community are more effective than incarceration. The effectiveness of program can be measured in terms of decreasing recidivism, escaping exposure to unwanted effects and helping the productive re-integration of offenders into the community. Studies have demonstrated that incarceration is not better than community corrections in keeping re-offending and the programs for treatment have been demonstrated to be better when presented in a community setting. Moreover, the programs for community corrections spare offenders most of the negative impressions of incarceration .
Every individual, when asking about justice and crime, lean to speak in stereotypes and generalities based on details got from the media. They utilize phrases like “you do the crime you do the time.” They control from the mindset of them” and “us where the people with the thinking of law abiding are in the community and the ruthless people are in prison. They lean to enter into discussions focused on the premise that offenders are locked in. Actually, professionals further judge the supposition that incarceration is the starting point or benchmark for sentencing next to which every other sentence is “alternative” in the system for justice. This paper claimed that the strategies for rehabilitation are more effective than any other.
Greifinger, R. (2007). Public Health Behind Bars: From Prisons to Communities. Springer. UK: Springer.
Roberts, A. R. (2008). Correctional counseling and treatment: evidence-based perspectives. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.
Sieh, E. W. (2006). Community Corrections and Human Dignity. USA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.