Before the 20th century, diabetic conditions were rare in the human population. In early 1900, the problem was known as “honey urine” identified among the rich gluttons. In the late years, many physicians distinguished and identified insulin dependent and non-insulin dependent. The adoption and classification of the disease as type one and type 2 diabetes took place in 1970. Until 1950, diet change was considered the only remedy for the problem. Type 2 diabetes was first identified and seen common among the wealthy people. Improvement in living standards influenced development of this condition among the people lower social class
Description and explanation of the disease
Type 2 diabetes is the body’s disability to regulate sugar level in blood, or the body cells do not react to insulin leading to persistence rise in blood sugar. The burden is characterized by frequent hunger, urination thirst and weight loss. The patient may also experience fatigue, poor vision, and frequent vaginal infections.
Causes of the disease
Type 2 diabetes is largely caused by inability of the produced insulin to regulate sugar level in the blood. Lifestyle of an individual accounts for the development of the disease. Being overweight and obese increase the risk of developing the disease. Inherited genes also contribute to the development of the disease. Children may inherit genes responsible for type 2 diabetes.
Description of prognosis
When one consumes carbohydrate, it is broken to glucose. Iselin determines whether the glucose will be burnt to provide energy or stored. Glucose is neither burned nor converted and stored the level remains relatively high. When the lever is high for more than 2 hours, it is referred to as hyperglycemia.
Medication and remedy for the disease
The condition cannot be completely eliminated from the patient but, the problem can be managed. Insulin injection is a common medication practice commonly applied to lower the lever of blood sugar. The patient injects himself with insulin after a specified number of hours. The use of metformin, an ant diabetic oral drug is approved for managing the problem.
Type 2 diabetic patient suffer silently with their challenges. Frequent urination may bring shame to the patient, disturb the person from his duties minute after minute and humiliate one while on long distance public transport. Frequent hunger means that the individual has to take more than the normal meals, increasing meal budget. Insulin injections are a disturbing and may victimize the patient especially it must be done in public.
Family dynamics and impact
Type 2 diabetes can be challenging to the family. A member suffering from an illness may require assistance from other family requiring sacrificial to attend to them. Mothers suffer most when an infant suffer the problem. She is required to pay attention to the infant injection, food, drink and short call assistance.
Diabetes was initially associated with the rich and indulgence of foods they ate food rich in simple sugar. The patients were termed as gluttons a habit not acceptable. Society treats the individuals just like any other patient. The problem and rejection feelings exist in the patient as they feel disturbing other people over their demands. When the demand to maintain the patient demand exceed the ability to supply, family and friends may reject the patient's demand
Issues regarding the disability
Type 2 diabetes contributes to over 90% of diabetic cases in the world (Haffner, Lehto, Rönnemaa, Pyörälä, and Laakso 14). The problem is preventable and manageable. All people are at risk of developing the condition. Those who are at high risk must take personal responsibility to delay the development of the condition. Some medicine such as thiazides and beta blockers can accelerates development of the disease and therefore people at high risk must use them with cautious. The disease was associated with the rich but currently it is affecting all people.
Interventions and resources available
Interventions at early stage are important to prevent the development of this condition. Lifestyles largely determine whether a high-risk person will develop the disease. Early screening is important and available in many health facilities. People should take initiatives to ensure that they maintained appropriate with and reduced high carbohydrate food. Visiting nutritionist for diet advice and reading other literature on health living will increase awareness of type 2 diabetic.
Choice of the problem
Type 2 diabetes is a worldwide challenge but yet poorly understood (Alberti and Zimmet 23) Awareness of the causes and how to overcome the condition is essential. There is false confidence among the poor that they cannot develop this disease.
Trends surrounding the disease
In the world, 382 people are type 2 diabetic on estimate. Preference of the disease remains relatively high at 8.3%. North America leads with preference of 11%. Tokelau leads with preference of 36%preferency while many countries in the world has a prevalence of above 10% (Kahn, Buse, Ferrannini, and Stern 4).
Future of the disease
There is a need to interrupt the persistent increase of diabetic cases. Strategies must be but place by individuals, families’ countries and internationally to keep the situation at hand. Predictions made show that unless something is done, in 20 years’ time from 2010, there will be one person with diabetic in every ten in the world.
My opinion on the trend
Currently, there is a shift in the pattern of disease to include the poor in this burden. No one is save! We must prevent ourselves and those around us from becoming victims of the disease. A healthy lifestyle can reverse the trend
Recommendations to improve services for this population
People severing from this disease need better services than they are receiving now. Service providers’ especially in school should understand the need of this population to serve them better. Services like washrooms should be easily, and water should be easily assessable to avoid embarrassing a student. Special attention humility is needed to serve an infant with this condition.
Alberti, K. G., and P. Z. Zimmet. "Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO Consultation." Diabetic Medicine 1 (1998): 3. Print.
Haffner, Steven M., Seppo Lehto, Tapani Rönnemaa, Kalevi Pyörälä, and Markku Laakso. "Mortality from Coronary Heart Disease in Subjects with Type 2 Diabetes and in Nondiabetic Subjects with and without Prior Myocardial
Kahn, R., J. Buse, E. Ferrannini, and M. Stern. "The Metabolic Syndrome: Time for a Critical Appraisal: Joint statement from the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes." Diabetes Care 3 (2005): 23. pag. Print.