Role definition of an Active Directory administrator
A directory administrator has different roles that are limited to the level of administration as we shall see later in the paper. In the creation of a operation system, the manufacturer becomes the first indirect administrator. The administration includes settings defaults of the operating system. The salient features that define the system. The manufacturer also must have two types of administers; the one that administers the various updates that he makes to the operation system and secondly the one that deals with the administration of the operating system in certain geographical coverage. Also, every user has the ability to administer the usability of the system once installed in his computers (Carpenter, 2011).
Types of user accounts that can be created in Active Directory
There are two main types of user accounts that can be created in a certain domain. The first user account is the administrator account. This is the first account that is created in the instant of installation. This is a privileged account that holds all the major administration roles of the domain (Carpenter, 2011). The second, category of user accounts is the guest accounts. These are all the other subsequent accounts created after the main administrator account. The main administrator however holds a certain percentage of control over the guest accounts.
Types of groups that can be created in Active Directory and how they are administered different from one another
Just like user accounts, there are also different user groups. A group is formed by the different users of a system. Some of the groups include main administrator group, enterprise groups and guest groups. The first group to be created is the main administrator group and has privilege over other groups (Carpenter, 2011). User groups are administered by certain users. These users can add new users, remove users, and restrict operations made by users among other administrative roles. In most cases the users that create a group become the administrators. Just like user accounts, the first group to be formed has privilege over other groups and becomes the administrator group.
Domain functional level
Domain functional level refers to the directory management at remote computer level. This is further broken down to various subdivisions of the computer. The computer system is compatible to divisibility that allows different users into different accounts that are at different sections. A domain functional level limits a computer system to a certain operating system. A domain functional level is used to restrict interference with the systems especially where most applications are compatible with a certain operating system. Thus a domain functional level is raised where only one operating system is required.
User profiles and benefit they offer
A user profile is a user configured operating system. The operating system thus has security codes that are defined by the user and has limitation on its functionality as the user commands it (Carpenter, 2011). Creation of user account benefits the specific user’s information and settings from being tempered with by other users of the same system. A user profile is beneficial to the specific user in that he can control the persons who access the profile and the operation that they can undertake.
Administration model of choice
While there are different administration models and levels as explained at the introduction, I prefer using a mixed administration model. In mixed administration model, every administrator is allowed freedom to configure the operating system that he has installed in his system. However, there are key features of the operating system that he is not allowed to tamper with. Depending on the needs of the users in a certain location, the regional administrator can change some of these features. However, the ultimate authority to configure all the operating systems is with the manufacturer. The model is preferable in that though each user is allowed to configure his profile, the features used remain the same universally (Carpenter, 2011).
Carpenter, T., (2011). Microsoft Windows Server Administration Essentials. New York: