Strangely, the Romans by 750bc had no women. Some historians believe they attacked a nearby city and took the women to their country. This is believed to have led to the growth of Rome. Rome was founded by Romelus and Remus. This were said to be the descendants of Aenied. As they grew up, Romelus killed Remus as they started to struggle for power. Etruscans ruled the city during the early years. It is documented that they came from Etruria, a city in the North (Bury and Edward, 130).
Bury and Edward describes Rome as a hierarchical and stratified society. It was headed by governors and senators. A major change in hierarchies occurred in 212 but it did not turn Rome into an egalitarian society. The governing body constituted the elite who were helped by soldiers. They were known as honestiores meaning honorable. The rest of the populations were humiliores or the humbler. The deepest class of division was between slavery and freedom. Slaves were subject to all kinds of abuse and punishment. Slavery became hard to stop even after the empire became a Christian state. Another division was witnessed between the rich and poor. Resources from the empire were controlled by the wealthier in the society. This made it hard for the gap between the poor and the rich to be reduced. Education and culture also coincided with the level of one’s economic power (238).
The government of Rome was subject to many changes during this error. This error is known as the Holy Roman Empire. Pope Stephen II in 754 went to France to name Pippin as his protector of Rome. Pippin then came and besieged Rome for some time before moving to Rome. This is how Papal States a rose. In 771, Desiderius wanted to conquer Rome and seize Pope Stephen III but he failed. This led to an uprising against him by Charlemagne and was defeated in 773. During these times, the government went through a lot of transitions. The types of leadership exhibited led to abolition of slave trade and some level of civilization was as well seen. Though changes were witnessed, the order in which power was changed was by over throwing the reigning king and killing his trusted followers (Bury and Edward, 304).
The Roman Empire was believed to be very big. This is because a Roman commander was only awarded triumph by the senate after his troops had killed a number of enemies. During this period therefore, the legions gained power over Etruscans, Carthaginians, Iberians and Gauls. The other states captured included Volscians, Samnites, and Britons. This spurred the Romans to create one of the biggest empires that have never been seen. In line with their victories, they killed and enslaved over a million people while others became their subjects (Bury and Edward, 170).
In Roman civilization, compassion was not one of the most valued virtues. The Judeans and Christians believed that hospitality was good for everyone. Their counterparts, who are Hellenes, encouraged self sufficiency while Stoics concluded that hospitality was a weakness which one should not be dependent. Justifiably, there were no aspects of civilization in the ancient Rome. There was no aspect of civilization in the Roman Empire. They did not know that they were shape by the environment and systemic and impersonal factors. The Hellens only taught literature, military politics and knew less about social sciences of sociology and psychology. The rate of uncivilization is witnessed on how the Romans were brutal to the slaves. This led to rebellion in the first and second century. The last was witnessed with the crucifixions of six thousand slaves in Appian (Bury and Edward, 250).
Bury, Job and Gibbon, Edward. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Holicong, PA: Wildside Press, 2004. Print.