Swami et al. (2012) examines differences between tattooed and non-tattooed people on a range of personality and difference measures. Swami et al. (2012) takes a sample of 540 people from a section of people in German, central Europe. Later on, Swami et al. (2012) performs a survey based on the following main personalities: spiritual beliefs, sensation seekers, self-esteem, need for uniqueness, and attitudes toward tattoos. Most of the countries in the west have rapidly adopted the art of tattooing. Other countries are also developing an interest in tattoos in this decade. The pain and permanence of tattoos can explain the actual difference between tattooed and non-tattooed people. A recent research report cites sexual active people and absence of commitment has associations towards tattoo possession and delinquency behaviors. Tattooed people have high scores in measures of extraversion and sensation seeking attitudes. In addition to that, people with tattoos have a low score in conscientiousness and agreeableness. Swami et al. reports the people with tattoos have a high need for uniqueness, unlike non-tattoo people. Participants in the research have 540 people from central Europe. This includes 54 percent women, where 37 percent are married, 3 percent divorced, 0.6 percent widowed, and 20 percent single. Fifty percent among the participants had completed secondary education, 18 percent had completed vocational schooling, and 3 percent had obtained a high education qualification (Swami et al., 2012). Material for this investigation includes the five factors of personality that is subject to a scale to ascertain the strength. The need for uniqueness strength measures participants’ ability to stand out among the group. Sensation seeking scale establishes participants’ susceptibility to boredom, adventure, and thrill.
Self-Esteem scale measures self-esteem trait from the participants. The systems of belief scale measure participants’ spiritual and religious beliefs. Participants rate their attitude on tattoos using different words such as conformant versus rebellious and beautiful versus ugly. Participants have to provide basic demographic information such as nationality, education qualification, and religious beliefs. The procedure involved a fill-in questioner then verbal debriefing. From the participants that total 540 in number, 140 people have at least one tattoo (Swami et al., 2012). Tattoo people exacerbate high scores in extraversion, need for uniqueness, and experience seekers. Swami et al. (2012) says that there is no significant difference between tattoos and non-tattoos participants on religion and self-esteem personalities. The inconsistency in the findings is that the sample is prone to biases and has a limited number of variables. In light of this limitation, it is false to cite that extroversive scorers will obtain a tattoo. This study can assist people who intend to understand people’s motivation for obtaining a tattoo.
Swami, V., Pietschnig, J., Bertl, B., Nader, I. W., Stieger, S., & Voracek, M. (2012). Personality Differences between Tattooed and Non-Tattooed Individuals1. Psychological Reports: Mental & Physical Health, 111(1), 97-106.