Recommended media: Overhead transparencies that have the verses for the sermons printed on them.
- They are readily available in terms of raw material. The material to print the transparencies, in this case, the printing paper is readily available at convenience stores or bookshops.
- They are not restricted to any one type of content, that is, they can be used for wide range of content.
- Ease of preparation- Compared to other typed of media, the transparencies are relatively easy to prepare. In this case of the church, all that is needed is the printing paper and a printer to print out the bible verses
- Simplification of complex ideas- Since the transparencies are not meant to be many pages long, they give the pastor a chance to simplify the bible verses and message that he intends to pass along to the congregation. Consequently, they are likely to understand more.
- Ease of use- The transparencies do not require any skills to use. It’s a matter of opening them and reading and therefore even small children can read them
- The major disadvantage is that the transparencies are two dimensional and therefore show only two sides of a particular scenes
- Some of individuals preparing the visuals may put too much information on one transparency and this may bore the audience. The pastor should ensure that he has only put the relevant content into the transparency and try to limit the number of words as much as possible.
Recommended media: A flip chart to draw pictures of food
- Flipcharts are relatively easy to prepare
- The charts are also economical since the materials required to prepare them are relatively easy. This unlike other methods like videos, which require many materials and a lot of time for shooting, editing and so on.
- Flipcharts give Betty a chance to not only display the type of foods that she recommends for her patients, but also the quantity.
- Given that most of the people targeted are over 40 years, flipcharts are recommendable because they are relatively easy to view and understand and do not require any form of formal skills
- The use of visual appeal for instance in terms of pictures can motivate the audience members to be attentive to the details inscribed in the charts.
- Flipcharts are two dimensional in nature and only give one perspective of one object
- Flipcharts do not provide the targeted audience with a chance to ask any questions in cases where they may be confused
- Some targeted members the view the process of flipping over the charts to be a tedious activity. Some may prefer a single chart where all the information they need is displayed.
- There is a high likelihood of some targeted audiences members misreading the charts, for instance in terms of the type of food or even the quantity displayed.
Recommended Media: Computer Software (CAI game)
- The use of the computer software is three-dimensional. It provides the learner with a multidimensional outlook on things
- The computer program avails the student to key in his own response and formulates his problems. This mode of interaction is likely to arouse more interest in the subject from the student.
- A computer program in this case allows the student to go back to a former step. For instance, to understand something that he did not understand previously such as a given metric calculation. This by the use of the “back” key which is available in most computers
- Computer software has a record keeping ability, and consequently, the instructions can be more individualized. Ned the teacher can prepare individual lessons for each of his learners according to the level of their need.
- Many softwares are copyrighted and Ned may have a difficult time duplicating the softwares on each computer because of patent and copyrights.
- The users of the computer software, in this case, Ned and his students may have unrealistic expectations about the use of this mode of learning. Many view the computer as a magical object and expect learning to take place with minimal effort, but this is not the case
- Not all students may be computer literate and not all may be conversant with computers. They may therefore have difficulties using them
- The lack of structure that emanates from this mode of learning may frustrate some students who require more structured guidance when it comes to learning.
Recommended Media: Internet Search
- Availability- Jenni school provides unlimited internet and accessing it is therefore not a problem
- The internet is home to unlimited information on a wide range of information on the subject that one wishes to focus on.
- Finding information from the internet is very easy especially through the Google platform, where you simply type in the information you are looking for and millions of results are availed in milliseconds
- Discarding of information that is not required is very easy when using the internet.
- A lot of the content in the internet may be patented or copyrighted and duplication of material may constitute a federal crime for which one may be charged
- Given that, the internet is open to anyone who has a computer; it is not to restrict the content uploaded on it. Consequently, a lot of inaccurate and untrue information may be uploaded which users may take as accurate. Jenni could be a victim she could access information that she thinks is true while in fact, it is not.
- The large amount of information available on the internet may be overwhelming and one may have a difficult time choosing the one to utilize especially where the information found is largely conflicting
Recommended Media: Field trip to a theatre
- A field trip would give the students firsthand experience and interaction with a theater, something that the other choices cannot achieve
- The theatre would expose the students to various components that they may not have been exposed to and therefore familiarize them with these so that they will not be overwhelmed once they enter the real stage
- The field trip to the theater would help the students break the monotony of being in the classroom most of the time
- The beauty of the theater may be enough to convince undecided students to put more interest in drama because they wish to perform on the stage of such a beautiful platform.
- Some students especially the lazy ones may detest the field trip as they may see it as constituting too much work.
- Some students may become overwhelmed with the theater components and may even forget what they came for.
Recommended media: Audio with Text
- Readily available and easy to use; the materials required for audio instructions are readily available and easy to use. There is a high likelihood that all the students in Maggie’s class have grown up using some of audio devices such as CD players and on.
- Inexpensive- once Maggie has managed to acquire the audio storage an equipment devises, there are no extra costs as the storage devices are erasable and re-usable
- It is easy to re-produce audio files.
- Audio files provide verbal message to enhance learning. Portions of the audio material van be re-played as often as possible to understand it.
- They are ideal for second language learning as they allow students to hear pronounced words by native speakers. This could be very helpful to the Korean students.
- Some students attention may tend to wander as they listen to the audio files
- Determination of the perfect pacing for presenting information in form of audio files can be a challenging task
- It may be difficult to locate specific segments of the audio files that one wants to listen at a particular time
Recommended media: Video
- A video would give the scouts a more visual outlook on the topic of discussion and would show for example the different parts of a compass and how to effectively use it.
- Given the age group of the participates, a video is more likely to draw their attention as they generally like explanation that are visual.
- A video contains moving images that have added advantage over still visuals in the depiction of processes and concepts in which motion is essential, such as navigation through terraneous landscapes.
- A video would give the scout a chance to view phenomena that may too dangerous to view directly therefore eliminating risk
- They are no established formal speeds for videos and consequently, some of the scouts being instructed may fall behind while others are particularly waiting impatiently for the next important point
- Video involves motion and may therefore not be appropriate for concepts that require still visuals for effective explanation, for instance a map.