According to Rue & Byars (2008), management is about planning and forecasting on achieving success in the future through plans for actions by which to use in the organization. Organizing involves constructing structures, frameworks, systems, and policies within which to operate. Commanding involves making that organization activities run smoothly and according to plan. Coordinating involves integrating the activities of the business to create the final outcome. Controlling involves ensuring the activities meet the plans, policies, schedules, and budgets. Principles of management provide guidance to managers to deal with issues in the organization. These issues include division of work, authority, discipline, unity of command, centralization, remuneration, unity of direction, the scalar chain, and subordination of individual interest (Lussier, 2011).
The practice of management and the principles have drawn experience from various states, administrative, industrial, and commercial organizations. This knowledge can be used to shape an organization in the society. Dealing with organizations on a daily basis requires efficient working methods and maximizing working efforts. This in turn, helps organizations to become efficient and profitable. The productivity of employees is extremely essential to managers and policy makers. Systems of payments are constructed to permit employees to maximize their earnings, but managers have denied this to employees in order to maximize their profits. This has made most of industrial work to be controlled, standardized, and fragmented. Managers have failed to recognize that financial inducements act as a motivation for employees. Managers engage in planning and controlling instead of leaving the work to the employees to exercise initiative. There is a need for change and learning these principles prepares for any challenges in creating any changes in an organization (Rue & Byars, 2008).
Learning principles of management helps understand the need to pay attention to the structure and leadership of workgroups in the organization. It encourages the need for effective management of workgroups and use of effective communication in understanding the attitudes and motivation of individuals and members in the work situation. The economic activity is becoming globalized and this calls for different approaches to international management. Global operations are characterized by changes and national cultures on which management styles and practices must be accurately understood and locally adopted. This makes learning principles of management even more essential for all managers (Lussier, 2011).
Lussier, R. (2011). Management fundamentals: concepts, applications, skill development (5th ed.). Boston: Cengage Learning.
Rue, L. & Byars. L. (2008). Management: skills and application (13th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.