Organizations are able to select best structure which help them to work as per unique type of activities and their outputs. There are five most common types of structures used in different types on organizations, Simple structure, Machine bureaucracy, Professional bureaucracy, Divisional form and Adhocracy.
This simple organizational structure is widely used in small businesses organizations, in this structure the coordination of work is effectively structured in a small set of activities with less decision makers, who coordinate activities in a quickly and effectively manner.
Example: a small shop
B. Machine Bureaucracy
The machine bureaucracy is found in mature organizations. Mature organization are organization large enough to have acceptable volume of operating work for repetition and standardization. Organizations using machine bureaucracy are old enough to be able to settle on standards to use.
C. Professional Bureaucracy
The professional bureaucracy mostly used in decentralized organization that emphasizes operating level with standardization of skills. Hospitals mostly use professional bureaucracy.
D. Divisional Form
Divisional form of structure is used for organizations having middle line as the key part of the organization.
Adhocracy is used in organization with least respect for the principles of management and unity of command.
Example: Call centers
Each type of organization have multiple options to choose from. Organization should have well knowledge about the structure that they are using and how they can improve it. All kind of organizational structures have their own type of needs and activities cycles. The best structure is determined by the output and efficiency of an organization which are already using those structures.