Ronald Reagan, the 40th United States President, between 1981 to1989, was born in February 6, 1911Tampico, Illinois and died in June 5, 2004. He was born to Nelle Wilson Reagan and Jack Reagan. His father was a storyteller and a salesman, who was an Irish Catholic immigrant grandson, from Tipperary County. His mother was of English and Scots ancestors. Ronald Reagan had one older brother, known as Neil of 1908 to 1996, who was an advertising executive. When Reagan was a boy, his father nicknamed him "Dutch", owing to his appearance similar to "fat little Dutchman" and his "Dutch boy" haircut; this nickname, stuck with him all through his youth (Dunn & Dunn, 2012).
Proceeding to his presidency, he was the 33rd California Governor between 1967 to1975, and an actor. He was raised in Dixon and got educated in Eureka College. After graduating, he moved to work as a radio broadcaster and later on as an actor. He further started his political career being a member of the Democratic Party. This saw his position shift rightward in the 1950s. In 1962, he moved to the Republican Party.
The year 1964, saw his development. This was after a rousing speech he delivered in holdup of the presidential candidacy of Barry Goldwater. This made him to be persuaded to seek the governorship position in California, which he won two years later and further the second term.
During his presidency, Reagan implemented new initiatives in the political and economic spheres. This was through the policies on supply side economy, which was dubbed as "Reaganomics". He advocated for reduced rates of tax to encourage economic growth. This was by controlling the supply of money towards inflation reduction, economic deregulation, and government expenditure reduction.
His first presidential term saw him survive an attempt of assassination. This was because he had taken a hard line touching on labor unions, with further an announcement on War against Drugs. Further, he had ordered for Grenada invasion. Amid all this, Reagan was in a landslide re-elected in 1984, to proclaim the "Morning in America". Foreign matters in his second term got to be served . This looked into Cold War ending after the Libya 1986 bombing, and the Iran–Contra affair revelation, which publicly described the Soviet Union as being “evil empire’’.
Reagan was an anti-communist movement supporters worldwide, who spent his first term on detente strategy for going. This was by ordering the an enormous military upsurge in an arms raced the USSR. He negotiated with the Secretary General of the Soviet , thereby INF Treaty culminates leading to the decrease in the nuclear arsenals of both countries'.
Reagan retired in 1989. In 1994, he disclosed to have been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. This was earlier in 1994. At the age of 93, that was ten years later, after his disclosure, he died. As an important contributor through his personality development, he remained to be conservative symbolic, which is ranked highly through U.S. Presidents polls public opinion. This credit him for ideological Renaissance generation on the political right in America.
The need to reshape and modernize conservative movement, in a political dynamic way is crucial. This is through the recognition of significant personalities in society. This over years has to be replicated for the good of society at large.
Theoretical evaluation of Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan, can be used as an example to explain an individual’s personality development. An individual development in personality can be explained by a number of evaluation models, which are not limited to Neo-analytic and Psychoanalytic theories. This is with the recognition of the theories, which get to emphasize on the childhood event recognition, which influence his rational adults functioning. In this case, Ronald Reagan early life got to influence his leadership through stories by his father.
Through the Psychosocial theories, there is a focus that tends to put into understanding, and explanation of social behavior, which gets to be centered on precise social phenomena. This theories may include pro-social behavior, group behavior, love, social influence and more.
In the approaches on evolutionary, trait, genetic or biological, development theories present a thinking framework about human development, growth, and learning, because they have the motives of human behavior, and thought. Therefore an understanding of these theories tend to provide functional looming into individuals and humanity.
In psychological, behavioral, cognitive and social learning theories get to be focused on internal states. Examples of such states include problem solving, motivation, attention, decision-making, and thinking. In Ronald Reagan’s case, all this was critical theories that put him in remembrance. In the case of diminishing Cold War, alongside the Soviet, in his capacity as the fortieth American president drew a great sense out of him to the much more generational recognition (Ryan, 2001).
Extensively, behavioral psychology theory, in other terms known as behaviorism, is known to be learning based, which gets to be upon the thought that all behaviors get to be acquired all through conditioning. This theory is highly and famously advocated. Through the techniques in it, behavioral theory is still extensively used in settings of therapeutics to help in the behaviors and new skills learning. As for our case, this theory have been inspired by ensuring the adoption of the Reagan’s leadership strategies that has been replicated in the present (Wirthlin and Hall, 2004).
Further, in the case of learning theories, there is focus on how people acquire and learn new skills and knowledge in society. As an interdisciplinary subject of interest, information gets to be drawn from education, psychology, instructional design, with no limit to other areas.
In the case of theories of humanistic psychology, there was a drawn beginning in popularity growth in the 1950s. This is with a consideration of the previous theories that often focused on irregular behavior and psychosomatic problems. The case of humanist theories as an alternative emphasized the essential human beings goodness, which for the American people put remembrance that, "egalitarianism is value dying for being the deeply honorable structure of government, man may ever devise."
Measurement and assessment of Personality
In the need to measure personality, temperament dimensions, ability, psychometric interests and assessment of personality are crucial. Through the test theory, theories need to be measured through the constructs underlying the field. Theories of personality are not different. This is in comparison of developing theories of species characteristic behavior, of individual variation in behavior, or exclusive thought patterns and feelings. Through the case of Ronald Reagan, there are measures that give responses in question, because; psychometric field and assessment of personality get devoted to psychological measurement study to constructs that are personally associated.
Therefore the need to measure personality applies measures of: self report inventory and tests of projective. In a report on Self inventories, there is the involvement of test taking. This has read questions, that afterwards give rating on how well the statement or question applies to them. Through this, Ronald Reagan’s Personality got to be tested, putting him in recognition to the present (Reagan & Brinkley, 2010).
Another method of assessment of personality is through Projective tests. This is because they involve the presentation with a vague scene, of the test taker. This is with no limitation to scenario, object and asking of interpretation through test items. Through the Ronald Reagan test publicly, he gets to be credited for ideological Renaissance in the American political right.
However, considering all this method, there are unique strengths and weaknesses, which prevail. This gives reason for application of the varied methods. Self report inventories are beneficial as they can be standardized. They are credible in the establishment of norms. Further, when considered, they are relatively simple to administer with higher validity and reliability as opposed to the other method.
In psychotherapy, projective tests get to often used. This sets and allows therapists to quickly congregate a great information deal about the client. In an example of the Americans response therapists look not only into particular response, but further consider qualitative information inclusive of tone, voice and even body language, is what in this case has been able to put Ronald Reagan on light though in his absence.
In conclusion, through Ronald Reagan, there has been a reshape in America, which has led to a movement of modern conservatives, which has changed the United States political dynamic as a result of Reagan’s presidency. This has placed influence inside the Republican Party, though beliefs and policies have been invoked frequently since 1989 by its presidential candidates. However, with all this, he is a person who is still remembered.
Dunn, J. W., & Dunn, B. (2012). Ronald Reagan: 40th U.S. president. Edina, Minn: Magic Wagon.
Reagan, R. & Brinkley, D. (2010). Reagan Diaries Volume 1: January 1981-October 1985 (Vol. 1). Harper Collins.
Ryan, J. E. F. (2001). Ronald Reagan: The Great Communicator. Harper Collins.
Wirthlin, R., & Hall, W. C. (2004). The greatest communicator: What Ronald Reagan taught me about politics, leadership, and life. Wiley.