Four Approaches To Examining Environmental Change In The Arctic And Determination of How The United States Might Better Manage Such Change.
The arctic is the ``polar region” that is usually located at the northern side of the earth. However, scientists have argued over the years that the arctic is undergoing tremendous environmental changes over the past years due to human activities. The foregoing statement being my background, I will therefore address various approaches that can be utilized to examine the ``environmental change” in the arctic. The approaches include and are not limited to;
Forecasting the arctic climate-Researchers can adopt the forecasting approach to study the climatic variation of the arctic. Proper monitoring of the climate facilitates accuracy if carried out consistently an act that helps to predict the future climatic condition of ``the arctic’. In addition, proper monitoring of the arctic climate enhances the approximation of resources to be needed in the event an arctic related risk prevails (ACIA, 2004).
The application of highly developed forewarning systems-The use of warning systems works by studying and obtaining information from animals and ``natural systems” that exist in the arctic for a certain phase. The study is conducted in several phases to facilitate comparison of data that forms the idea behind the study. The data obtained from the comparisons aids in recognition of any changes in the arctic (ACIA, 2004).
System vulnerability assessment-Vulnerability assessment works by looking at arctic catastrophes that have occurred in the past as well as the current mechanisms that have been in put in place to address similar catastrophes if they arise. Finally, the approach addresses the past management and security techniques that have been developed address arctic related risks.
Finally, the fourth approach used in examining the arctic ``environmental change” is policy vulnerability study. Policy vulnerability study address issues pertaining to risk management and serves as a model that the government applies to enhance the settling and survival of the nation after the occurrence of a catastrophic event (ACIA, 2004).
After adopting various approaches to examine the arctic ``climatic change”, the United States can employ various strategies to manage the arctic climate variation. Some of the techniques include;
Hiring scientists, who research on Arctic .The scientists, should include foreigners and local people. Inclusion of local people is facilitated by the fact that they have a better understanding of the place an aspect that is crucial when conducting studies about the arctic(ACIA,2014).
Secondly, the united States should analyze the vulnerability of the arctic, its regional impact in terms of the consequences it effects on the habitats of the surrounding areas and the economic impact through examining the impact of the arctic the ``gas and oil” sectors.
Moreover, studies that enhance monitoring of the change in `snow and ice” as well as rivers should be noted. The monitoring aids in estimating the occurrence of risks. Additionally, the researchers should carry out a modeling in regard to arctic climate change s and its impacts to facilitate the making of a well informed decision (AINA, 2014).
The United States should study the data obtained by the scientists in regard to the climatic variations of the arctic to formulate policies on how to deal with future risks and current situation of the arctic(AINA,2014).
In conclusion, the United States should analyze the impact of the arctic on the local people. The analysis will help the government to make decision regarding the future of the arctic.
Arctic Climate Impact Assessment. (2004). Arctic Climate Change. Retrieved from
http://www.greenfacts.org/en/arctic-climate-change/l-3/9-arctic-climate-impact-assessment-acia.htm#0p0) assessed on 10th November, 2014.
American Institute of North America (2014). Arctic Resource Development and Climate
Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation Retrieved from http://arctic.ucalgary.ca/arctic-resource-development-and-climate-impacts-adaptation-and-mitigation assessed on 10th November, 2014.