Today, businesses operate in the form of companies. They integrate people, structure, environment and technology. A company brings together resource to achieve desired goals. There are different aspects of these components that should be understood and controlled for effective operation of the business. The human factor is the coordinating unit to create value for owners, customers and employees. Employees determine the company performance and provide the basis for competition between the businesses. Organizational behavior, industrial, and organizational psychology are important tools used for peoples benefit.
Behavior of employees in the workplace can have a huge impact on the workers health and safety. The management should put in place strategies for worker safety; they should incorporate an ideal model which both rewards employees with few hours of lost time incidents (LTIS) and allows employees to contribute their individual ideas. . This model will enable creation safety culture which is flexible and broad-based. Research and implementation of worker safety strategies is undertaken by the safety professionals. They have recognized absence of safety in Lean literature and other situations where Lean applications were Elimination of waste should be the main objective of any management, for example, in steel producing company raw material wastage in the form of poor quality products should be reduced to the minimum. This concept is known as Lean. Incorporation of Lean with the design process design engineers to ensure its success in conflict.
Total Quality management describes a company’s culture, attitude and organization of a company that continuously provide products and services that satisfy the needs of its customers. Quality should be incorporated in all aspects of the company operations; things should be done right first time, and waste and defects eradicated from operations. Companies should focus on prevention rather than detection, and a quality emphasis at the design stage should be used to ensure total quality management. Top management commitment and personal involvement is required in deploying and creating clear goals and quality values which should be consistent with the company objectives.
Large organizations in different countries are growing into multinational companies. This requires companies to expand their operations in form staff and resources. Perfect solutions to organizational problems do not exist. Therefore, there is a need to incorporate Organizational behavior so as to tackle everyone’s physical and psychological issues. Different conditions affect the operation of the multinational organizations due to their location and staff nationality. This results in anxiety and insecurity due to the new people and the environment. Some of these conditions include political, legal, economic and individual differences. This requires a positive attitude in tackling cross-cultural communication problems.
Employees work best when there is an incentive to motivate them. They are therefore ready produce more and contribute work safety ideas. Any company that rewards its workers for a higher production or for low LTI brings workers together with a common goal. This makes the workers adopt the buddy attitude. Motivating workers is an important tool in rallying workers towards a common goal and vision. Using the Maslow’s theory of motivation, employees’ needs are classified into five hierarchies of needs, and they are satisfied in a chronological order until substantial satisfaction is achieved. However, motivation can be a challenge and can fail to serve its purpose because employees have different needs and goals, its flexibility requirements.