‘Marijuana Legalization: What Everyone Needs to Know’ is a well written book that discusses on use of marijuana. The Authors Jonathan P. Caulkins, Mark A.R. Kleiman and Angela Hawken probes a much debated issue whether marijuana should be legalized or not (Caulkins et al., 2012). These authors present a detailed survey report wherein more than half of American population suggests that use of marijuana should be legalized. These authors also take a view about national as well as international opinion on the use of marijuana. Currently marijuana is not permitted in several countries and its use is banned in almost every country across the globe.
These authors discuss that though it is a banned drug but people are raising their voices to lift bans from marijuana. The reason of such demand is its medical use and benefits that people get from using this drug. These authors describe how marijuana has been allowed in several American states for using in medical purposes and other states are also making their mind to follow this trend. Its regulated use is beneficial for treating several illnesses and the same has been corroborated by a number of doctors (Caulkins et al., 2012).
Authors further examine the effects of legalizing use of marijuana in detail. How use of marijuana can affect society, drug addicts, medical users, doctors, drug traffickers and other people of the society. How legalizing marijuana can impact on law and order and revenue that are directly associated to the government (Caulkins et al., 2012).
‘Legalizing Marijuana: Drug Policy Reform and Prohibition Politics’ is a book, written by Rudolph J. Gerber. The book focuses on issues, related to use of marijuana and also discusses about government policies on marijuana in detail (Gerber, 2004). Author examines several related aspects of the issue and also peeps into history of the problem. Author analyses how preventing use of marijuana has promoted its illegal trading and government should rethink about the policy about legalizing marijuana.
Book focuses on government efforts to control and regulate marijuana and prevent it use in any form by people. The author discusses how government is going against the majority of people who find it beneficial for their health. The author further discusses how government shells money to regulate use of marijuana and how this money can be saved. It has been iterated in the book that to ban marijuana, several government sponsored commissions have submitted reports that exaggerate its negative effects of people (Gerber, 2004).
The book appears to be a very true narrative on the issue of marijuana. It examines the allegations that are labeled on marijuana since a long time and the trend is going on. Marijuana policies of various governments are analyzed in order to find the reality of policies during different governments of America. The author is not agreed by the earlier claims though and asserts that these bans are completely unnecessary and marijuana should be allowed to use by people for medical purposes without unnecessary government interferences (Gerber, 2004).
E. Gray in the article “New Laws Chart Course for Marijuana Legalization” describes how legalization of Marijuana in Colorado and Washington impacted whole industry (Gray, 2013). The author describes how these two sates established regulatory measures to control marijuana production, taxation and sales practices. Colorado and Washington adopted almost similar model to control the marijuana’s markets. Marijuana legalization requires strict control of pot legalization, rigid security, quality testing by independent third party, sales practice to people who are 21 or above, and tracking of marijuana production and its final delivery to the end consumers.
Gray also described different types of taxes imposed on marijuana by Washington authorities such as 25 percent tax at each level when producer deliver products to processors, when processors sell it to retailers and when consumers buy it from retailers. Colorado however kept its taxes on marijuana products lower then Washington. California another state that wants to make marijuana legal mention that state wants taxes limited so that final price of products are not very high as compare to black market (Gray, 2013).
Joffe and Yancy in their article “Legalization of Marijuana: Potential Impact on Youth” tries to analyze the negative and positive impact of marijuana on the youth (Joffe & Yancy, 2004). These authors analyzed how the medical and other type of usage of drug impact health of individual’s especially adolescent and young adult. The article said that the drug has numerous medical advantages and it can produce great results if consumed as per doctor’s prescription. People, who consume this drug very frequently and without any medical requirement, suffer from illnesses (Joffe & Yancy, 2004).
Khatapoush and Hallfors in year 2004 conducted a research study “Sending the Wrong Message”: Did Medical Marijuana Legalization in California Change Attitudes about and use of Marijuana?, to analyze how legalization of marijuana change the attitude of people (Khatapoush, & Hallfors, 2004). These authors conducted empirical study to access the attitude of people by analyzing data gathered in past studies. Khatapoush and Hallfors gathered the secondary data collected under fighting back initiative carried out by Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. This data was gathered through a telephonic survey that was designed to analyze people attitude towards drugs and their usage.
Regression analysis techniques were utilized to measure the hypothesis established under the study. Hypothesis established under the study was that changes impact consumption of drugs. Result of the study shows that environmental changes and legalization of drug have very minimal impact on the consumption of drugs such as marijuana (Khatapoush, & Hallfors, 2004).
“Legalizing Marijuana” is a well written book by Morgan. The author covers various aspects related with legalization of marijuana such as its production, consumption and sales (Morgan, 2011). The author describes various advantages of the drug and how laws are formed to limit the usage of drug only for beneficial purposes. However there are various negative aspects associated with the marijuana such as its consumption as a drug that lead towards various consequences. People commit various crimes and violence under influence of drug (Morgan, 2011).
A research study was conducted by Office of National Drug Control policy to analyze the use of marijuana, its harmful effects and how legalization of drug would impact the usage of drug (Office of National Drug Control policy, 2012). According to the study marijuana is consumed by almost seventeen million people who are 12 and above in their age. A huge number of people suffered from severe deceases due to consumption of marijuana. It was also observed that usage of drug among un-adult youth is continuously rising. According to the report favorable government policies and legalization of marijuana increased the consumption of drug.
Government policies control all processes associated with production and distribution of marijuana which results in decreasing the price of drug thus make it affordable for larger people. The study describes various harmful effects associated with the drug such as mental illness, respiratory deceases, cancer and other illnesses that are difficult to cure. Study concluded that legalization of this drug would not bring benefits in terms of decrease in usage but it will certainly bring more revenue to the government. Legalization of marijuana is also questionable when other similar drugs are not being legalized (Office of National Drug Control policy, 2012).
Patton in his article “Legalization of Marijuana: A Dead-End or the High Road to Fiscal Solvency” describes how legalization of marijuana impacted California (Patton, 2010). California set an example for other states to legalize the drug. The author describes how state is implementing legal processes to make use of drug legal. However the legalization of marijuana was criticized as critics said that government took this decision not because of its benefits associated with the medical use but because of revenue drug will be generating (Patton, 2010).
Economy of California was going under tremendous pressure and government handle this issue by legalizing the drug. Government said that legalization of drug will curtail the black market of drug. People who are addicted to the drug will certainly consume it even they have to purchase it from black market and at higher price. Making it legal will provide them drug at lower rate and it will increase revenue of government. The author also inform about potential harms of drug on young and adult people (Patton, 2010).
“Legalizing Marijuana” is an excellent work done by Ruschmann. The author covers all major aspects, benefits and negative consequences associated with legalization of marijuana (Ruschmann, 2003). The author very clearly took a stand against legalization of marijuana due to its worse effects. The author established a hypothesis that positive effects of drug are not significant whereas its side effects and medical illnesses are incurable. The author conducted research by analyzing available data gathered on the subject in order to build strong base to support his argument (Ruschmann, 2003).
Trevino and Richard in their article “Attitudes towards drug legalization among drug users” describes various points associated with legalization of marijuana (Trevino & Richard, 2002). These authors claim that there is not sufficient data available to identify challenges people face while procuring and using the drug. Legalization process of the drug is also not being studied to bring more insight on the subject. Authors conducted a primary research to gather the data on frequency of drug usage and impact of legalization in controlling social elements (Trevino & Richard, 2002).
The collected data was analyzed by using software and regression technique. It was identified that people normally consume marijuana due to addiction and legalization of drug helped them in obtaining drug easily. Research study also shows that people prefer marijuana over other drugs such as heroin and cocaine. People claim that before legalization it was difficult to find drug easily at competitive prices but now they can find it easily at good prices.
Caulkins, J. P., M. A.R. Kleiman and A. Hawken. (2012). Marijuana legalization: what everyone needs to know. New York: Oxford University Press.
Gerber, R. J. (2004). Legalizing marijuana: drug policy reform and prohibition politics. Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
Gray, E. (2013, October 19). Time U.S. Retrieved November 19, 2013, from nation.time.com: http://nation.time.com/2013/10/19/new-laws-chart-course-for-marijuana-legalization/
Joffe, A., & Yancy, W. S. (2004). Legalization of marijuana: potential impact on youth . Pediatrics, 113(6) , e632-e638.
Khatapoush, S., & Hallfors, D. (2004). "Sending the Wrong Message”: Did Medical Marijuana Legalization in California Change Attitudes about and use of Marijuana? Journal of Drug Issues, 34(4) , 751-770.
Morgan, K. (2011). Legalizing marijuana. Edina, MN: ABDO Pub. Co.
Office of National Drug Control Policy. (2012, September 12). Retrieved November 19, 2013, from www.whitehouse.gov: http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/ondcp-fact-sheets/marijuana-legalization
Patton, M. (2010). Legalization of Marijuana: A Dead-End or the High Road to Fiscal Solvency. The Berkeley J. Crim. L. , 163.
Ruschmann, P. (2003). Legalizing Marijuana. New York: Infobase Pub.
Trevino, R. A., & Richard, A. J. (2002). Attitudes towards drug legalization among drug users. The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse, 28(1) , 91-108.