Arguably, psychology as a discipline attempts to predict, describe and explain on various aspects of human nature as well as trying to convince the lives of people to an optimum level. For many decades, psychology has been a field with diverse arguments. Driven with diversity, psychology has undergone various changes and modifications. In fact, natural progression in the psychological field depends on diverse research, clientele, and real life applications. Moreover, the nature of the psychological field is based on the uniqueness of people and the adaptation of human nature. The uniqueness of the discipline gives psychologists the chance and ability to expand on explanations, diagnosis, as well as assessment. Through multifaceted viewpoint, psychological doctrines are applicable in many areas that affect the functioning of human beings. Generally, it is crucial to discuss psychology as a discipline, elaborate on subfields of psychology, importance of psychological diversity, as well as the practicality in the people’s life.
Undeniably, without psychological diversity life will always be stagnant and complacent. As a matter fact, those who can draw on diversity of psychology are in a position to service and comprehend several psychological outcomes. Psychology in most cases is best described by individual and collective theories that cover limited aspects of behaviors. Diversity has tremendous influence on individual and cultural backgrounds. Moreover, psychology is a scientific discipline that largely elaborates on individual difference. There are factors that make humans unique and complex; it includes environmental diversity, genetic material, and experience (Feldman, 2010). Scholars assert that psychology adheres to one notable concept that is to leverage reasoning faculties, observations tools, as well as scientific methods in order to understand the behaviors of humans. In this case, the ideas based on this concept need specific level of diversity and complexity so as to maintain the existence of psychology. Due to its diversity, psychology is at the crossroad of non-human and human behavior, and internal and external worlds (Nevid, 2008).
Diversity in the psychological field makes the discipline be related to each field. In the 21st century, many key concepts of psychology have been unified to streamline the discipline. Some of the utmost subtopics and concepts include motivation, behaviorism, as well as cognition. He unification of psychological concepts has led to the formation of sub-disciplines such as environmental psychology, abnormal psychology, organizational psychology, behavioral psychology, as well as cognitive psychology (Damour & Hansell, 2008). The cohesive aspect of psychological discipline becomes the unifying objective and dedicated to improving the standards and quality of life, especially in solving problems affecting human beings.
Abnormal psychology is one of the sub-disciplines of psychology that studies psychopathology and abnormal behaviors. Moreover, the sub-discipline puts more emphasizes on treatment and research of mental disorders. In fact, it has a lot of links with clinical psychology, psychotherapy, and neuroscience. Abnormal psychology theories focus on issues such identity, cognitive abilities, social functioning, and morality. Mental illnesses affect many people; hence, working on its impacts helps many individuals suffering from a wide range of mental complications (Damour & Hansell, 2008).
Developmental psychology is also another psychological sub-discipline, which emphasizes on development and human growth in the entire lifespan. It elaborates on how nurture and nature influences the development and growth of human beings. As a matter of fact, this influences are far reaching from childhood to adulthood. Developmental psychology has significant roles in education, especially by embracing the theories of childhood development.
Motivation is one of the studies carried out in psychology that deals with human beings. Hence, behavior changes have different explanations (Feldman, 2010). For example, psychologists can explain it under the principles of personality, emotions, perception, and avoidance. The theory of emotion is there to explain different aspects of emotions among people.
There are major theoretical perspectives in psychology, which i9nclude cognitive-behavioral and psychoanalytical. Each of the theoretical perspectives maintains unique and diverse perceptions on behaviors, abnormality, and human functioning. For example, psychoanalytic theory asserts that unconscious motives are associated with human thoughts that are disordered (Nevid, 2008). On the other hand, cognitive-behavioral perspectives show that thoughts influence behaviors and its outcomes. The common aspect in the theoretical perspective is to reconcile and unify the thoughts and ideas on a specific issue. This will help in resolving conflicts ideas and thinking in psychology.
Psychological theories and psychology is applied in various aspects of life and study. In fact, it is used to identify personality traits of groups and individuals. Undeniably, psychology as a discipline helps in understanding the patters of people behavior at work, family, and organization. Abnormal psychology helps in understanding abnormal behaviors among people, and implementing treatment through therapies. Additionally, human development is very crucial in society today. Hence, developmental psychology has the strength to explain various behaviors that people have in life. Development and growth of an individual begins from childhood to adulthood. Certainly, what shape individuals is the environment, nature and nurturing. Generally, psychology is very important in the real world. There are issues that take place in human life that cannot be explained by science, but psychology can explain it clearly (Feldman, 2010).
Conclusively, psychology is a study of mental and behavioral process in society. As a discipline, it has various sub-disciplines and subtopics, which focuses on specific fields related to psychological functioning. The diversity of psychology widens its field of study, and gives it a broader definition. The principles of psychology are applicable in various aspects of human functioning, such as personality measures, phobia treatments, clinical diagnosis, as well as legal operations. It affects our thoughts in educations, as well as neuro-scientific issues. Generally, it is applied on fields such as health, education, and work. People react to situations and events that are very complex, but psychology help in problem solving and decision making.
Damour, L & Hansell., J. (2008). Abnormal Psychology. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons
Feldman, R. (2010). Psychology and Your Life. New York: McGraw-Hill
Nevid, J. (2008). Psychology: Concepts and Applications. London: Cengage