Literature review entails synthesis published and reliable works to develop knowledge about the topic of interest. Through reviewing literature, one can give an account in a summary of what has been done on the subject by recognized scholars and researchers. This is essential in identifying, highlighting and documenting significant findings from past research that serve as the basis on which the conceptual outline for the current study can be based and the hypothesis developed (Holly, 2012). It examines the context and background of the research and analyzes the area of the research, which has been resolved in the study. It gives the outline of the research and shows the difference between the researcher’s curiosity and knowledge of the subject area. Literature review also helps one avoid the mistakes that were done previously. For example, a researcher can advance the research instrumentation and design, thus realizing better results (Coughlan, 2013).A well-developed literature review gives creditability of the researcher of the study, so he/she can get the entire benefit of his/her work. A literature review shows the writer’s knowledge of the topic and highlights the importance of the proposed research. It should consider what have already been researched and written concerning the subject (Comerasamy, 2013).The writer can then use the information to put his/her own research into the appropriate context and why it should be worth being done.
Nursing literature review aims to evaluate critically the sources that a researcher used to conduct nursing research. These activities are designed to produce information about patients, from patients, families and professional staff. Nursing research is important for all nurses to understand and to practice evidence in their practice setting. Research is a systematic process. A research problem in nursing is taken as a professional situation in need of enhancement, change, or a solution. Establish that both quantitative and qualitative researchers identify research problems by gathering relevant information on the area of interest. A problem statement signifies and indicates a situation to be studied by building on existing case (Holly, 2012).
Review of literature in nursing demonstrates to the committee that the researcher has read a considerable amount of related literature to prove that he/she is aware of the wide range of research in theory and method related to the proposed research topic. It gives proof that the researcher has a deep understanding of the published research work related to the topic of the study. In addition, it shows that the researcher can link this knowledge of the existing literature and its relationship to the proposed research. The study also supports the originality and relevance for the problem (Bettany-Saltikov, 2012). This is done by noting specific gaps in the related literature. Identification of problems in the literature, the analysis can help justify the originality of the proposed study research. The ingenuity can be an extension of published research work or revision of existing approach or theory that can be used to accomplish the research. In the proposal, literature review helps one emphasize or stress the originality of the work. Without a good literature review, one cannot proof originality of the proposed research. A proposal may be rejected if the review does not clearly show originality of the research due to poor literature review (Comerasamy, 2013).The literature review includes a summary of publications and provides evidence that the research will be an original and relevant input to the nursing field.
The research was on the safety of nurses while on the job with increasing health risks. There are numerous health hazards facing health workers on the job. The research identified some cases of health workers contracting disease while in their line of duty. This is a major threat to the nursing profession as students wishing to pursue nursing are getting scared of the profession. Some nurses are also leaving their nursing jobs on grounds of safety (Coughlan, 2013).
A good hypothesis would be for the hospital leaders to give nurses a job rotation in different departments within the hospital. This would ensure that nurses are not exposed to same environments for a long period and reduce health risks. As a result, nurses will have more confidence and efficient in their job thus improving health care services.
Bettany-Saltikov, J. (2012). How to Do a Systematic Literature Review in Nursing: A Step-By-Step Guide. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill Education.
Comerasamy, H., & Siu, C. (2013).Doing a research project in nursing and midwifery: A basic guide to research using the literature review methodology. London: SAGE.
Coughlan, M., Ryan, F., & Cronin, P. (2013).Doing a literature review in nursing, health and social care. Los Angeles: SAGE.
Holly, C., Salmond, S. W., &Saimbert, M. K. (2012).Comprehensive systematic review for advanced nursing practice. New York: Springer Pub.