This research will cover Special Operations in Emergency Medical Services, similarities and differences of explosions, triage activities on certain zones, and common themes found in Bonfire collapse and Amtrak train derailment.
Question 1 of 5 20.0 Points
Responding to emergency situation requires constant preparation in anticipation of an untoward event. Auf der Heide’s disagreement to the assumption that disaster response is an extension of daily emergency procedures is apparently true to my perspective. This is because disaster constitutes a test for emergency response and to be able to make an adequate response, planning is essential to the process (Auf Der Heide, 2005). On a more personal opinion, responding to disaster emergencies would require a person to have a prior assumption of the disaster circumstances and foreseeing the possibilities of worst scenarios would allow them to prepare for the worst as compared to making responses that does not involve adequate planning. This is because planning provides response options and allows people to prepare for the required response tools, supplies and equipment.
Question 2 of 5 20.0 Points
Describe the components of the EMS Incident Command System and how it interfaces with the Incident Command Systems of other agencies (law enforcement, fire, hospital).
When responding to a chemical accident, responders should look for a clean area, which is referred to as the cold zone. Hence, the contaminated area is known as the hot zone and the area separating the cold and hot zone is known as warm zone. Decontamination occurs in warm zone. A clear mark is used to separate each zones. A person with liquid contamination should not cross into the clean area. The ground behind the hot line is clean except the holding area for contaminated patients waiting to be moved. Incidents conclude that they need to have Pre-Incident Planning and a reliable Communication System. Ensure that all personnel are acquainted under the Incident Command System when emergency happens.
Question 3 of 5 Similarities and Differences of “Dirty Bomb” Explosion, Nuclear Power Plant Explosion and a Large Nuclear Explosion
Bomb that is detonated by a terrorist organization is called a “dirty bomb”, it is a form of powder or pellets which uses conventional explosives such as dynamite to contaminated materials. Burns or bleeding, skin damage, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are injuries and systems associated with the explosion. It will not create enough radiation except to those who are close on the blast site. It is advised to cover your nose and mouth with a cloth, not to touch objects from the explosion, shower or wash with soap and water to avoid radioactive dust (cdc.gov)
When a nuclear bomb explodes a nuclear blast occurs. It can destroy a large area within seconds to minutes. Unlike a nuclear blast, an accident at a nuclear power plant would not create a fireball or mushroom cloud. The fireball bring-forth shockwaves, flashes, and extreme radiation, it is advised to follow decontamination instructions from local authorities, look for medical treatment immediately for symptoms like nausea, return home only when authorities instruct you (Virginia.gov, 2012) Nuclear power plants are closely monitored and regulated by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)
Question 4 of 5 Differences in Triage Activities in Hot, Warm and Cold Zones
On-site or hot zone triage is the level where victims are injured severely and needs medical attention immediately are tagged according to their conditions (Ramesh, 2010).
Medical or cold zone triage is a level where a secondary examination and completion of information on victim’s tag will be performed (Ramesh, 2010).
Evacuation or loading zone is a level where they prioritize victims who needs to be transferred to hospital or other medical facilities (Ramesh, 2010).
Question 5 of 5 Common Themes from Bonfire Collapse and Amtrak Train Derailment
Both incidents demonstrate that they need to have Pre-Incident Planning and a reliable Communication System. Ensure that all personnel are acquainted under the Incident Command System when emergency happens (USFA, 1999)
EMS Incident Command System focuses on preparedness and recovery from emergencies from natural and man-made disasters.
CDC Radiation Emergencies | Dirty Bombs. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.bt.cdc.gov/radiation/dirtybombs.asp
Auf Der Heide, E. (2005). TheImportanceof Evidence-BasedDisasterPlanning. Annals of EmergencyMedicine, 47(1). doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2005.05.009
Nuclear Bomb Blast (Nuclear Explosion). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.vdh.state.va.us/oep/Agents/Radiation/Agents_Radiation_Nucbomb.htm
Nuclear Power Plants | Ready.gov. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ready.gov/nuclear-power-plants
Triage, monitoring, and treatment of mass casualty events involving chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear agents. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3148628/
Retrieved from http://www.usfa.fema.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/tr-133.pdf