Alive people and authorities haven't the right to consecrate part of a field near Gettysburg, because they - brave men have already consecrated the land of their struggle. Thus, the author concludes the survivors and the next generation must prove that those men did not die in vain, and that this country (the United States) is ruled by the people and for the people and that it was a new birth of freedom.
Report of the Joint Committee on Reconstruction
The report of the joint committee on Reconstruction reports about the request of Senators and Congressmen from states of the so-called Confederation and subsequent comments. In summary, this request based on the fact that since the legal way the insurgent States couldn't separate from the other states, so that they remained part of the United States and therefore legally elected Congress members from these states remained in Congress. Further, the report said that their demands were not only preposterous, but also threatened the state itself. Also, committee members should not forget that the people of the revolted states have canceled their governments in the states and started hostilities against the United States. Constitutional it was or not, but the fact that they withdraw from the Union, and have themselves become the subjects of the state. Moreover, they have continued the struggle against the United States until their defeat became obvious. The insurgent states and the people who had fought have had to understand that they could lose and that the losers will have to rely on the mercy of the winners.
Thus, the author urges the Committee to determine what should be done by the State (government) before will be restored the rights of residents of the rebels states. After all, the country has changed - slavery was abolished by a constitutional amendment. Thus, the Committee has concluded that political power should be given fully to all citizens, regardless of their race and color. According to the author, it was aimed to help someday for all citizens of the United States to receive full civil rights and privileges making possible the equal protection of all classes.
Dawes Act on the transfer of land to the Indians in various reserves consists of 11 items. Important provisions of the Dawes Act can be summarized in three points. The first is that head of the family had to receive a grant of 160 acres, a lonely man, or an orphan at the age of 18 had to receive a grant of 80 acres and persons under the age of 18 years have received 40 acres each According to the Act, these lands were placed in the trust fund of the US government for 25 years. According to the Dawes Act, eligible Indians had four years to choose their land, then the choice will be made for them by Secretary of the Interior.
Each member of the group or tribe, have received planning permission, subject to the laws of the state or territory in which he resided. Every Indian who received the allotment, and adopted the habits of civilized life (he lived separately from the tribe) is a United States citizen not affecting the rights of any Indian tribe or other property. Secretary of the Interior may issue regulations to ensure even distribution of irrigation water among the tribes, and provided that no other assignment or giving any riparian owner of water should not occur without the permission or license from any other coastal owner. Dawes Act didn't extend to the territories. of Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Miamies and Peorias, and Sacs and Foxes, in the Indian Territory, nor to any of the reservations of the Seneca Nation of New York Indians in the State of New York, and the territory of Sioux Nation.