In order to understand God from a philosophical standpoint this paper will aim at comprehensively discussing the three famous arguments of Gods existence that arouse as a result of debates between philosophers and theologians.
These arguments which will be critically examined in the text include; the ontological, cosmological and teleological arguments.
The ontological argument
This argument focuses on God as a perfect being and was formulated by one St. Anslem a catholic archbishop. He argues that God not only exists in our understanding but also in reality since for a being to be perfect it must exist in all possible circumstances. Hence a God that can exist in only particular circumstances and fails in others is considered as a less than perfect being.
The cosmological argument
This argument attempts to prove the existence of God by use of concepts such as; motion, efficient cause as well as possibility and necessity. St Thomas of Aquinas is responsible for this argument.
On the concept of motion he argues that, whatever is in motion must be put in motion by another which cannot extend to infinity due to the presence of a first mover who in this case is God himself.
In the efficient cause aspect he argues that, no circumstances events or anything whatsoever can change itself but it can be able to change other things. Therefore a string of change which can’t be infinite is formulated. As a result all this changes can be attributed to a first cause, that’s God. He thus exists.
On the concept of possibility and necessity he argues that anything made possible attributes its existence to a preexisting thing.
The teleological argument
St Thomas of Aquinas is responsible for this argument too. Here he focuses on the governance of the world by examining the manner in which natural things that are devoid of intelligence act to an end. He asserts that if anything is to act to an end it must posses intelligence or be directed by a being who posses intelligence. He regards this being that is responsible for the direction of natural substances without intelligence to an end as God.
From the forgoing discussion it is clear that philosophy too acknowledges the existence of God. This is reached upon by critical evaluation of fundamental facts that contribute to this truth. The three arguments play a critical role in this examination as they provide the needed facts. It can thus be argued that philosophy is factual and objective in its understanding of God and his existence.