Post War History
In the excerpt, Fukuyama highlights the position of the West and its domination on global matters. It was during the war times when the dominion and liberal ideas and concepts of the West clouded the cultures and the operational module of the global stage. In principle, the ideas of the West triumphed over other cultures in the world. For example, the evolution of political processes of the societies of the world all followed the liberal blueprints as set by the West and in the long term there was the emergence and likelihood of the formation of a liberal democracy characterised by the principle of the universal homogeneous state.
There are obvious challenges to democracy not only as put forth by the Fukuyama, but others to apply. (Question 2) For instance, the author holds the view that liberal democracy is challenged by nationalism and redistributionist tendencies. This implies that there were those quarters of power which opposed the free will of the people to reign and rather settle and supported the idea where national resources ought to be shared through some working formula. (Question 3)This argument is correct because the will of the people ought to be respected. This essay highlights how national heritage and values are subjected to review due to external conflict or coercion between societies during the war time. Thus a policy maker would be guided accordingly on the importance of a national position.
The United Nations primary mission is to bring the member states together so that, in the event of a problem or a chaos causing situation, there will be peaceful and non-violent resolution. (Question 4)In international affairs, the use of force may be occasioned when the United Nations Security Council finds reasonable ground and reason to curb actions that threaten peace, breach peace and /or are deemed as acts of aggression by whichever party. Therefore if the security council of the United Nations is satisfied that there are acts of aggression or those which may threaten the peaceful coexistence of people in those members’ states, then it may authorize the use of armed forces.
(Question 5) The post war period presented a unique and awkward circumstance. In view of this fact, the United Nation took upon itself to see to it that no more bloodshed. Therefore, in the event of conflict or friction between member states, the United Nations took in itself the duty to arbitrate and resolve conflicts between the members’ states.
The new international economic order is the organizational framework where nations claimed and sought to renationalize their national resources and from foreign ownership and domination. This was effected because most underdeveloped nation or countries had a lot of natural resources but were for some reason owned and controlled by foreigners. (Question 2)This presented the developing countries with a weird case. It is like they had the resources but were languishing in poverty due absentee owners of the natural resources found in their countries. (Question 3)At the adoption stage, Western powers such as the United States of America, Britain amongst other power houses opposed the order because of vested interest in those countries. For instance, in Africa, there are several nationalities from the power house that acquired the natural resources in those countries and send the profits back home. So if the developing countries reclaimed their property and rights of ownership over their resources, the West would lose revenue.