Do children who have experienced physical abuse in their household grow up to be abusive partners?
Review of Relevant literature
The awful effects of childhood abuse and the role of their parental abuse are well documented. However the causes of parental physical abuse are less well documented. Research with clinical illustrations recommends that individual who display offensive behaviors are more likely to have a history of youthful abuse and higher rates if adopting and externalizing disorders. The question of whether the juvenile abuse contributes independently to parental abuse or if the association of childhood abuse and parental abusive behaviors are separate are studied empirically by Amada Medley . The results indicate that there are multiple patterns that contribute to parental abusive behavior. Parental verbal abuse and the mediating role of self-criticism in adult internalizing disorders was studied and found that the childhood abuse experience especially abusive verbal abuse risks internalization. This internalization disorders are in part because of the verbal abuse influences the development of a self-crucial style in adulthood .
Although the emotional abuse and neglect are often studied as a pattern of abuse and neglect, they may be the most often exacerbated. Early interactions with parents contribute to the development of internal workings in a child and influence later cognitive schemas . Dating violence of adolescents is also studied as a part of abusive adults. Over 85% of CPS youths date and have dating violence on females was a common occurrence
Many victims of childhood abuse show signs of poor interpersonal functioning as adults that leads to abusive behaviors. The behavior is a subset of child sexual abuse as the study that has examined those reports. The literature suggests that sexual abuse represents a risk factor for poor intimate relations and physical abuse of children as they are an easy target. The need explains an additional comprehensive assessment of significant other variables of other factors that lead to sexual abuse.
Some adults attempt at reducing the abusive tendencies that were afforded to them. A study of the coping tendencies and the self-blame that is incurred created as sense of self blame and other traumas that had a direct relationship to the childhood physical abuse that they received. The illustration shows a pathway that theorized mediators partially mediated associations between trauma history variables and psychological symptom.
1 Pathways to Child Abuse
The relationship to the perpetrator and the formation of PTSD in adulthood is a problem that bears additional study . Victims experiencing PTSD from childhood abuse are more likely to participate in self-blame and are discussed in a betrayal trauma theory. In addition to the victimization of the childhood abuse victims comes the research to study the gender difference. The gender differences affect the social relations, disclosure and post abuse coping with PTSD
Statement of a Distinct Focused Research Question and Hypothesis
The research available indicates a pattern of adult abusers were abused as children but the pathway to this is not definitive in the current research as the Figure 1 indicates. Therefore this research will attempt to delineate a clear path from the abused child to the abusive adult.
The focused research question is “Do children who have experienced physical abuse in their household grow up to be abusive partners?” This question has many different paths as it is a study that has many different theories but not a direct answer. The hypothesis is that the Abusive partners had been abused as children. There is a direct path between childhood abuse and adult abuse.
Describe their unit of analysis
In order to analyze the direct relationship it is necessary to delineate the factors that contribute to the continued reoccurrence of the abusive relationships. There are many factors that have been studied. The unit that this study will encompass is the factors that contribute to the hypothesis.
Identify a sampling technique
The survey sampling method will be selected for this study. It is chosen as a viable research method and yields relatively consistent results as a testing sampling technique. The survey will be administered to members of the community who are willing to answer the survey questions. The mall and the college campus will be sufficient to yield a large enough sample of individuals who have experienced childhood abuse.
Discuss potential spurious relationships, how they might be controlled
A spurious relationship is not a spurious correlation. A spurious relationship is a mathematical relationship in which the variables have no direct casual connection. The variables may be wrongly inferred that they do and are due to coincidence or the presence of a third variable. This unseen factor is a problem in this study due to the large amount of variables not as yet taken into account. Since this study is looking for a direct relationship between the childhood abuse and the adult abusive behavior the introduction of a causal relationship is direct, in other words one variable or relationship is directly caused to the other. It is the opposite of a non-causal relationship which can be spuriously created by another cause in which one variable affects both variables.
7 Discuss the policy implications of this research proposal
There are many factors for a better policy matters in this research proposal. If the direct pathway is researched and discovered then the funding for increased assistance can be allocated to help both the children being abused and the adults who had been abused and are not abused themselves.
C.Wekerle. (2009). The contribution of childhood emotional abuse to teen dating violence among . Child Abuse Neglient, 45-58 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19167066 Retreieved April 2016.
DiLillio, D. (2001). Interpersonal finctioing among women reporting a history of childhood sexual abuse. Clinical Psychological Review, 553-576 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11413867. Retreieved April 2016.
Filipas, H. (2006). Gender Differneces in social reactions to abuse disclosures. Child Abuse Negligent Journal, 767-782 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16051351. Retreieved April 2016.
Medley, A. (2009 ). Predictors of parental physical abuse:. Journal of Affective Disorders, March 113(3) 244-254 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3731047/ Retreieved April 2016.
Sachs-Ericsson, N. (2006). Parental verbal abuse and the mediating role of self-criticism in adult internalizing disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 71-78 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16546265/.
Ullman, S. (2007). Relationship to perpetrator,disclosure, social reactions, and PTSD symptons. Journal of Childhood Sexual Abuse, 19-36 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17255075 Retreived April 2016.
Ullman, S. (2014). coping, emotion regualtion and self blam. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 74-93 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24393091 Retreieved April 2016.
Wright, M. (2009). childhood emotional maltreatment and later psychological distress. Child Abuse Neglient Journal , 59-68 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19167067.