Natural disasters, such as massive flooding, avalanches, runoffs and others, technological disasters which include contamination of habitats of people and animals with different materials and acts of terrorism that change the landscape have disastrous consequences for economic activity, human life and the environment (Phillips 154). Such instances lead to the imbalance of nature and the emergence of catastrophic natural phenomena. Among the most relevant global changes of the environment are the following: climate change on the Earth; air pollution; destruction of the ozone layer; depletion of freshwater resources and the pollution of waters of the oceans; land pollution, the destruction of soil; impoverishment of biological diversity and others.
Describe sustainable and holistic approaches to environment recovery
No country is able to successfully perform recovery of the environment alone. Such a recovery is possible only through global partnership undertaken through joint efforts of countries. This is what holistic approach implies – help of all to achieve one single goal (Phillips 51). Additionally, under this approach, environmental recovery shall consider life on the Earth as a whole which allows understanding the complexity of the environment and being more effective when dealing with the environment. According to this approach, all live beings co-exist together and it does not matter whether certain part of biosphere is destroyed for animals or for human being – it is destroyed for all. Hence, people shall be more universal and take this into consideration when taking measures on environmental recovery based on the holistic approach. According to sustainable approach, the recovery process shall be constant, no matter which part of the year it is. When solving one environmental issue, people have to start working on another, but, at the same time, shall not forget about what has been solved and constantly maintain what had been achieved by their efforts of environmental recovery.
Phillips, B. Disaster Recovery. CRC Press, 2009. Print.