Cold War Timeline
A bomb is dropped in Nagasaki, destroying the city and killing 70,000 people. This marks the end of world war two (Painter, 1999).
The Japanese surrender and this make the Russians involvement in the war unnecessary. The Russians further assert that the use of the bomb was to intimidate them. Hence this marks the commencement of the cold war (Painter, 1999).
Women start losing their industrial jobs due to the increase in the number of service men who return from the war (Bianchi & Daphne, 1989).
George Kennan sends a confidential cable also referred to as the “long telegram” to the state department affirming that the Soviet union were on a campaign to obliterate the effects and influence of the United states of America (Allan Todd, 2011)
Truman doctrine initiated by Truman indicated the willingness of US government to offer military assistance to Turkey and Greece in order fight the soviet communism (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
Marshall plan is initiated by George C. Marshall to help the countries that were affected by the war to recover and boost their economies (Axelrod, 2009).
Czechoslovakia is conquered by the communist, majorly dominated by the soviet union (Painter, 1999).
There is a built up tension and this heighten the cold war. President Truman launches a loyalty program aimed at arresting the cold war spies (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
A strategy is laid to protect Europe from the influence of communism (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
The Berlin blockade is initiated and it lasts for 11 months and it resulted to a heightened tension between the Soviet and the US (Todd, 2011).
The Berlin airlift begins. The main essence endorsed to the constant supply of food to Berlin (Todd, 2011).
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is endorsed (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
The Berlin blockade ends. This followed after the blockade was foiled by the Berlin airlift (Todd, 2011).
The federal republic of Germany (West Germany) is established (Todd, 2011).
The soviet union tested their first atomic bomb called the “Joe 1” (Axelrod, 2009).
The people’s republic of china is promulgated officially by Mao Zedong. This amounts to an increase in the number of communist fold in the world (Fitzgerald, 2006).
East German is taken by the soviet union (Todd, 2011).
The Greek civil war is ended, and this marks a defeat for the communist (Painter, 1999).
North Korea invades South Korea, triggering the Korean war (Todd, 2011).
The united nations came to a consensus of offering aid to South Korea (Todd, 2011).
The US pioneered the attack against North Korea. They defeat the Koreans and advance northward (Ted Gottfried &Melanie Reim, 2003).
China invades Korea with 300000 soldiers, after which they again withdraw (Gottfried & Reim, 2003).
China invades Korea again, forcing the UN troops into south Korea (Fitzgerald, 2006).
The UN forces regain south Korea along which the Korean war reaches a bloody stalemate (Fitzgerald, 2006).
President Truman relieves General Mac Arthur his duty as the commander of the UN, in Korea
The US navy launches Nautilus, the world’s first nuclear-powered submarine (Axelrod, 2009).
The world’s first hydrogen bomb is tested by the US (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
Eisenhower becomes the 34th president of the United States of America.
The Korean war ends (Gottfried & Reim, 2003).
School segregation is declared unconstitutional by the United State supreme court (Levy, 1998).
The soviet union extends military and other aid to Syria (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
The Warsaw pact is created by USSR and seven satellites (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
President Eisenhower and Khrushchev meet in Geneva Switzerland (Gottfried & Reim, 2003).
President Eisenhower engages the US in the defending of Afghanistan Iran and Pakistan against communist foray (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
The Strategic Air Command (SAC) formulate a policy of constant nuclear alert (Gottfried & Reim, 2003).
A satellite known as Sputnik I is launched by the soviets (Gottfried & Reim, 2003).
Sputnik II is launched, increasing the tension and fight for supremacy between the Soviet and the United States (Gottfried & Reim, 2003).
Sit in campaigns is started by the black students from the North Carolina Agricultural and Technical college (Mark Newman, 2004).
The birth control pills are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (Bianchi & Daphne, 1989).
J. F. Kennedy is inaugurated to become the 35th president.
There is invasion of Bay of pigs by the trained CIAs. The Castro’s regime becomes resistant to capitalist imperialism (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
President Kennedy affirms the idea of taking the first man to the moon by 1969.
Berlin border is closed (Todd, 2011).
The construction of the Berlin walls commences (Todd, 2011).
Tsar Bomba, believed to be the most powerful thermonuclear weapon is tested by the soviet unions in the arctic sea (Axelrod, 2009).
The Cuban missile crisis unfolds. This follows after the soviet Union and the Cuba government had an agreement to keep the missiles in Cuba (Todd, 2011).
There is a public statement released by several clergymen from Alabama, asserting on the grave issues of massive racial discrimination (Newman, 2004).
The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty is ratified (Ruud van Dijk, 2008).
Sixteenth Street Baptist church, a common convention point for the black activist was bombed (Levy, 1998).
President Kennedy is assassinated (Levy, 1998).
An important section of the civil right legislation is signed in to law. This enables the Africa American to gain more access to public facilities and institutions (Levy, 1998).
A US warship is attacked by North Vietnamese patrol boats in the Gulf of Tonkin (Debbie Levy, 2004).
Malcolm X an African American activist is assassinated (Levy, 1998).
US marines are deployed to Dominican Republic to fight communism (Levy, 2004).
200000 troops are deployed in Vietnam (Levy, 2004).
North Vietnam is bombed by B-52s (Levy, 2004).
The first national women’s liberation is held in Chicago (Levy, 1998).
Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Tennessee (Levy, 1998).
President Nixon extends steps up bombing in North Vietnam expanding war into Cambodia (Axelrod, 2009)
The equal rights amendment is taken back to congress for more discussions.
President Nixon visits china
The first Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT I) is ratified (Todd, 2011).
The war between North Vietnam and United States of America comes to a halt (Tobey C. Herzog, 1992).
President Nixon resigns following an involvement in the Watergate conspiracy (Todd, 2011).
South Vietnam is defeated by North Vietnam, giving the communist force an upper hand. The US embassy evacuates after the “Fall of Saigon” (Herzog, 1992).
The first women bank is opened in New York (Bianchi & Daphne, 1989).
More women than men are enrolled in the colleges (Bianchi & Daphne, 1989).
The US and the China government launch a diplomatic relations (Painter, 1999).
The second Strategic Arm Limitations Talk (SALT II) is ratified, President Carter and Brezhnev (Todd, 2011).
Ronald Reagan is inaugurated as the 40th president of the America.
A strategic Defensive Initiative is proposed by President Reagan (Axelrod, 2009).
Reagan and Gorbachev hold their first summit in Geneva (Todd, 2011).
All the intermediate nuclear missiles in Europe are removed, following a resolution made by President Reagan and Gorbachev (Axelrod, 2009).
George H. W. Bush is inaugurated as the 41st president of the United States of America.
The Berlin wall falls, marking a clear indication that the cold war was coming to an end (Frederic Bozo, 2009).
The era of peace between Soviet Union and United States of America begins. This initiated by President Bush and Gorbachev in the home stretch of the Malta conference (Bozo, 2009).
The German republic is formally reunified under a democratic government (Bozo, 2009).
The number of Africa American women is increased in Elective office (Newman, 2004).
Warsaw pact is disband (Bozo, 2009).
President Bush officially announces the end of the cold war.
The president Gorbachev resigns (Bozo, 2009).
The Union of Soviet Socialists republic (USSR) is dissolved (Bozo, 2009).
Axelrod, A. (2009). The Real History of the Cold War: A New Look at the Past. New York, NY: Sterling Publishing, Inc.
Bianchi, S M. & Spain, D. (1989). American women in transition. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Bozo, F. (2009). Mitterrand, the End of the Cold War, and German Unification. Berghan Books.
Gottfried, T. & Reim, M. (2003). The Cold War. Milford: Millbrook press, Inc.
Herzog, C. T. (1992). Vietnam War Stories: Innocence Lost. New York, NY: Routledge.
Levy, B. P. (1998). The civil rights movement. Westport, CT: Greenwood press.
Levy, D. (2004). The Vietnam War. Minneapolis, MN: Lerner Publishing Group.
Newman, M. (2004). The civil rights movement. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press Ltd.
Painter, S. D. (1999). The Cold War: an international history. New York, NY: Routledge.
Ruud van Dijk (Ed). (2008). Encyclopedia of the Cold War, Volume 1. New York, NY: MTM Publishing, Inc.
Todd, A. (2011). History for the IB Diploma: The Cold War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.