Many hospitals adopt a major terminology system such as ICD, yet there is a need for specialized classification system terminologies, why do you think we need specialized classification terminologies? Describe at least 2 examples for specialized classification system terminologies.
Specialized classification terminologies improve patient care outcomes by enhancing the concision and clarity of communication among and between healthcare professionals and patients. By using a major terminology system, such as ICD, we can improve the accuracy of data collection research and patient diagnoses by increasing the precision of our medical terminology. A major terminology system can also improve our abilities to distinguish between primary diseases and complications, and risk factors for those diseases and complications. By making healthcare terminology more accurate and concise, patients and practitioners improve the accuracy of their thinking about illness and patient care.
Additional axes of clarification would improve the accuracy and precision of our major terminology systems. For example, the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) consolidates classifications for social security, research, and specific statistical applications. The limitation of the ICD is its lack of detail. There is not enough specification in the ICD classification axes to successfully accomplish all of the goals the ICD aims to address (e.g. etiology, morbidity, social security, mortality, etc.). The goal of the ICD was to serve as a practical classification system, but the ICD also less successfully incorporates theoretical data. The ICD is used to collect data about statistical disease markers for use by the WHO; healthcare practitioners, health information managers, health information coders, and technology workers also use these data. Despite the ICD’s limitations is used by most countries as a deciphering and diagnostic tool for human health. (Coeria, E., 2013)
Similarly, the International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI) addresses a wide range of goals. The aims the ICHI attempts to address are differentiated by geographical location; the ICHI is used to compare data on health interventions between countries and healthcare services. The data from the ICHI is also used to track the evolution of health interventions in different locations. Similarly to the ICD, the ICHI has been unable to accurately describe each incorporated nation’s specific healthcare goals. The ICHI needs to expand its classification axes to accommodate these measures for curing and preventing disease specific to the involved nations. The ICHI also needs to incorporate all of the care services offered by the included locations. (WHO, 2016)
It is important that both the ICD and the ICHI increase in specificity, because they are used by the WHO for international statistical reference and morbidity and mortality comparison among and between countries. The widespread use of the ICD and the ICHI systems means that countries using these systems for international statistical data input have to adhere their data to fit the ICD and the ICHI systems. The lack of specificity within these systems that make the ICD and the ICHI systems incomplete affect the precision and accuracy of the many countries’ healthcare terminology and statistical referencing. (Coeria, E., 2013)
Specialized classification terminologies are used to increase the effectiveness of major terminology systems. Increasing the specificity of a terminology system improves the accuracy of the system. The ICD and the ICHI systems accommodate many types of data. These data types need specialized axes of classification for them to be precisely and accurately represented. The ICD system is currently compromising accuracy and precision for the incorporation of many data types each with its own healthcare goal; the ICHI system is similarly compromising the quality of its data to include healthcare information about nations whose healthcare goals and care techniques differ from one another. A more specialized terminology is being composed for each of these systems to account for the goals of each data set separately, so that these data are complete and can be more reliably used by the parties that rely upon them. (Coeria, E., 2013; and, WHO, 2016).
Coeria, E. (2013). The Guide to Health Informatics. Terminologies.
WHO. (2016). International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI).