What does what we believe about 'gender fraud' at the Olympics has to do with prejudice or is it based on fact?
Confirmation bias being a vital psychological trick in the human brain plays a very big role in the human brain in determining the gender of an individual. As a result, various tests to determine the gender of individual who participated in major events like at the Olympics. In the 1960s, female athletes were paraded and asked to strip naked, their private organs were used to determine the gender of the competitor. However, in the later years, this was considered a dehumanizing act and as a result, this method was abolished. The modern scientific method of testing the chromosomes of an individual was introduced and has been used up to date. This is based on the fact that the sex of a body is very complex and thus cannot be determined with a naked eye. There exists a relationship between the social expression of masculinity and femininity and their physical appearances. In several gender judgments, they have been based on prejudice instead of fact (Fausto 3).
What role does nature and nurture has on gender determination?
Anthropologists have been in the forefront in researching the relationship between the aspects of nature and nurture in determination of a gender in an individual. Their main aim is to identify how the two are related in the identification of a gender in humans. A minority of anthropologists believe that gender results from nature due to the effect that body hormones play in the development of the brain. On the other hand, most of the anthropologists and psychologists argue that gender is largely because of nurture, this is because all beings are psychosexually neutral at birth and what define their gender are the consequences of the nurture that these individuals receive in their childhood (Fausto 16).
Fausto, Sterling. Sexing the body: Gender Politics and the construction of sexuality. Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 2000. Print