The ethical systems, associated with the work places and the type of job of the people, include: Virtual theory, Utilitarianism and Deontological Ethics. The fundamental purpose of these systems is to enable people to benefit from the moral and ethical values whenever these are required in life. In this respect, all these systems are analogous to each other as they provide a standard for a group of people to live life with respect to moral and ethical values. Another similarity among the three is that they all have founders. Virtue theory is concerned with the virtuous nature of a person in moral philosophy. It does not relate to the act of goodness in order to yield good outcomes. It is a normative theory that promotes morality for achieving goodness. Utilitarian believe to get rewarded through receiving pleasure without pain for their good deeds. According to the principles of ethics, every action leads to some sort of consequences for the person performing the action as well as for the others. Deontological ethics follow strict rules and obligations so that good choices are made regarding ethics. This system does not have any gray area. Utilitarianism has various types that integrate the basis. Although the system of Utilitarianism appears to be more stable in comparison to the virtue system, however it is flexible than the Deontological system. Ethics and morality are hard to differentiate. It is even more difficult to determine precisely that what ethical realms influence my daily-life decisions. Ethics refer to the well-constructed standards related to rightfulness that designate what people should do, in the form of, obligations, rights, fairness, benefits to society, specific virtues (Andre et al., 2010). The modern psychology defines morality as evil, ethics, greed and conscience that can vary from an individual to another and from one culture to another; many morals are universal in practice because they emerge from fundamental emotions of the people. The Virtue theory tends to satisfy both moral and non-moral because it is based on the perception that people should endeavor to cultivate excellence through their actions. Virtual theory, Utilitarianism and Deontological Ethics commonly deal with how people determine ethics and morality. They all have different judgment criteria for ethics and morality, whether relating to the moment or what happens over a period of the lifetime or what happens after. The morality and ethics linked to these theories are based on what is right or best at the moment and then these theories direct separate paths toward the future, accordingly. People struggle for attaining excellence by performing their duties with virtue ethics and thereby, developing characteristics in their personality that others would praise. Utilitarianism helps people in making decision on the basis of the best results for the best interest and welfare of the larger number of the people. Deontology enables people to make decisions on the basis of what they think is appropriate morally, not really with respect to the best results, however more for the welfare of an individual taking the decision.
Andre, C. et al. (2010). ‘What is Ethics?’, Issues in Ethics, IIE VI NI.