Comparative politics refers to the assessment of the political situations in all the countries across the world. Therefore, it becomes easy to determine the similarities and the dissimilarities that exist among the countries. The citizenry could use the comparative studies to increase efficacy in their nations thereby leading to the economic developments in the countries. As a result, the economic developments enhance the people’s living standards. The comparative politics entails two main methodologies that include; the area studies approach and the cross-national approach. The area studies approach involves an in-depth examination of a specific country or region. On the other hand, the cross-national encompasses the instantaneous study of many nations with an aim of addressing theoretical questions regarding the said countries. Comparative politics is broad; therefore, one can only take a portion of it to specialize in thereby becoming well informed in the area. Some of the different branches in comparative politics include; the governmental institutions, political behavior, political organizations, and political economies (CARAMANI, 2014, p. 132).
However, an argument especially the one that deals with complex social, political, and economic phenomena should contain all the relevant facts and materials to support the argument. In most cases, people rely on the quantitative data presented. In addition, people should relate well to the themes introduced in the argument should, and understand the information. Comparative politics arguments should observe the substantive themes, the methods used in the data collection and the in-depth analysis of the theory that needs answers and quantification. The arguments should contain facts and references to increase the credibility of the information given. In most cases, the citizenry do not believe in any theory or information if the data presented does not contain the terms of reference. In other cases, other people prefer to get the exact statistics that support the argument.
The social argument should contain all the information concerning the social aspects of the different people in the different countries. For instance, the argument should touch on the cultural values and the practices, and the number of the people who uphold the values. The understanding the different cultures advance the knowledge of the great cultural values that people practice. In addition, it helps people learn to respect the other cultures thereby strengthening the social cohesiveness among them. People also develop a sense of belonging through respecting their culture thereby setting the cultural distinctions among the communities. The argument should also outline the interactions of the society members in the different countries and how they enhance the social cohesiveness of the community. The understanding of the social phenomena in the comparative politics should help in establishing peaceful coexistence among the citizenry in a country. Therefore, it becomes easy to borrow the good social relations across the countries. Countries should also find ways in which the other countries solve their conflicts to avoid prolonged enmity that hinder the developments in the areas (CARAMANI, 2014, p. 297).
The social argument should contain on the different religions of the people and the engagements in the society developments in the areas. The different religions help the countries understand how people worship. On the other hand, it becomes possible to determine the retrogressive religions that do not favor the developments of an individual. Some religions contain some backward elements that tend to hinder the people from advancing and shunning the malpractices. As a result, a country identifies the religions to accept or reject to protect the people from the vices. The different countries also have ways in which they engage in the society developments. For instance, some would set specific days when they meet to undertake a common project in the area. The social developments enhance the efficacy in the peoples’ relations.
In addition, the social arguments should include the statistics of the social crimes in the different areas and how people deal with them. In the process, the person presenting the argument should also include the causes of the crimes. Examples of factors that lead to an upsurge in the criminal activities in a country include; low-income levels that lead to a reduced purchasing power, the high unemployment rates, the degradation of the moral values, and the high population rates that give rise to street families. Therefore, it is necessary for the governments to identify how the other countries deal with the crimes hence borrowing a thing or two in order to eliminate crime thereby proving an ample environment for investments.
The economic argument should cover all the economic aspects of life. For instance, it should outline the number of people in the countries studied that have secured employment opportunities. The argument should also provide the living standards of the citizenry to help assess the position of one’s country. Economic growth is essential in any country because it improves the people’s living standards. The argument should entail the number of the employment opportunities in a country and how the country creates them. For this reason, comparing of the employment opportunities could provide an idea on what to engage in in order to increase the job opportunities in a country (CARAMANI, 2014, p. 324).
A high number of investors in a country promote the economic status. Therefore, there is need to establish what increases the preferences of the investors in a particular country and ignore the others. For instance, the economic argument should establish the favorable policies that the governments put in place because they determine the number of investors in a country. However, a country should also revise the export and the import rules to ensure that the country does not rely much on the imports. Moreover, countries should work together to eliminate the existence of the black markets, which encourage the existence of the counterfeit products because they come at cheaper prices. The counterfeit products inhibit the consumption of the local products thereby leading to the frustrations among the local producers.
A valid economic argument should include the infrastructural developments in the countries. Advanced infrastructure helps to promote the economic growth of a country because it leads to an increased movement of the resources and services. As a result, people waste little time during the transportation hence saving time that people use in more productive activities. Research indicates that congestion of the cars in the roads lead to traffic that results in wastage of resources. On the other hand, the traffic provides harbor places where the criminal take advantage of the situation to rob the passengers.
Nonetheless, a reasonable political argument should contain all the achievements of the many leaders in a country. It should also include how the citizenry vote in the leaders to the offices to portray the transparency in the voting process. Politics also revolve around the creation of the social ties between the nations. Therefore, it becomes easy to establish how the countries relate to each other. The politics in the different countries affect both the economic and the social lives of the neighboring countries. Due to political differences, there are some countries that induce violence in the neighboring countries to showcase their might (CARAMANI, 2014, p. 103)
Nevertheless, the knowledge of the comparative politics helps the people to determine the reasonableness of an argument if it contains the comparative element. The arguments should portray some similarities and the dissimilarities. However, the social, political and the economic phenomena should comprise all the aspects that revolve around the phenomena because it increases the understandability of the information provided by the researchers. The comparative politics helps individuals to understand the different structures in the different governments. Taking a sub-topic, for instance, the political status of several countries helps people compare and contrast on the governments’ composition and tasks.
The resource mobilization theory entails the study of the communal activities. The theory goes ahead to state that the attainment of the communal movements relies on the resources and the aptitude to use them. Severally, people use the theory to explain the social achievements in the communities thereby sidelining the negative effects. The availability of capital helps individuals start income-generating businesses thereby improving the living standards. A country could use the capital available to enhance the infrastructural developments in the areas. Therefore, the availability of the resources help people in the daily lives by enabling them to meet the human demands and wants. However, the people should learn how to use effectively the resources because the mismanagement leads to wastage of the resources thereby the inability to enhance development (DAVIS, & CRAGIN, 2009, p. 138).
Nonetheless, the criminals have used the available resources to engage in the criminal activities. For instance, the easy availability of the guns, hand grenades, and the bombs has enabled the criminals to pull the resources together when conducting the criminal activities. In most cases, they get the people unaware there killing most of them. For this reason, the criminals possess the ability to identify the available resources and after that using them to terrorize the people. The advancements in the technology have contributed to the upsurge in the criminal activities because the terrorist easily identify the loopholes in a country hence the success in the terror activities.
The terrorists also identified the increased corruption rates in the governmental bodies. Therefore, they mobilize each other to raise enough money to bribe the government officials for them to gain the access in a country. In this case, the resources include the availability of the money, and the ability to use them involves bribing of the police officers. However, the terrorists take advantage of the poor remuneration given to the police officers thereby wooing them to their side by buying their silence. As a result, it becomes easy for the terrorists to conduct the terror activities because no one seems to monitor them.
On the other hand, the terrorists establish the disunity that exist in the country and use the situation to target their preferred community. The increases in ethnicity in the countries provide an ample environment for the terror activities. It is because the different communities develop hatred against a particular ethnic hence end up conspiring with the terrorists for their elimination. The growth of the revenge element and the community rivalry encourage the terror activities because no one seems to protect the other community. Moreover, the government and the opposition need to bridge the gap because the terrorists use the tension and the confrontations between the governments and the opposition to conduct the criminal activities. In some cases, the opposition could collide with the terror group to show the public the weaknesses of the government for their political gain (DAVIS, & CRAGIN, 2009, p. 294).
The terrorists effectively use the available resources in a country to engage in the criminal activities. The other resource available is the existence of the rights and freedoms. The terrorists have abused the right to live because they know that the courts rarely rules on death sentences. Therefore, they know that even if the police arrest them, there is always a way out from the prisons. Nonetheless, there is a need for the governments to revise the bills concerning the murder and terrorist activities because such people do not deserve to live amongst the other people. They pose a great danger to the society. The right to a fair hearing permits the terrorists to seek intervention and representation by the high-profile lawyers hence becoming easy for their release.
The activists have also used misused the freedom of expression to engage in activism. The activists end up mobilizing the people to turn against the government for the wrong reason. For instance, an activist could develop a grudge with the government thereby involving the public in fighting of the government officials. The theory encourages the social movements hence helped in the eradication of the negative perception that people had towards activism. However, the activists took advantage of the acceptance of the social movements to engage in negative activities. For instance, the activism provided an ample environment for the criminals to hide in the crowd to conduct their criminal activities. In some occasion, looting occurred during activism because it is hard to distinguish a criminal from an activist. Therefore, it became easy for the criminals to harbor in the activist groups in order to conduct the criminal activities (DAVIS, & CRAGIN, 2009, p. 397).
Globalization represents a challenge to the field of comparative politics. It is due to the international integration that has led to the exchange of the ideas, cultural practices and the world views. Therefore, the borrowing of the ideas has led to the assimilation of some political, economic and social activities in the different countries thereby making it hard to compare them due to the similarity. The integration of the several aspects has made the comparative politics impossible because there is nothing to compare. The several countries adoption of the same things strikes a balance on how people respond to the daily issues in the society. The assessment of the political situation becomes hard due to the lack of the comparison element. As a result, it becomes hard for any country to borrow from the other because the social, political and the economic aspects rhyme (CARAMANI, 2014, p. 263).
Globalization indicates the eventual demise of comparative politics due to the integration. Therefore, people rely on the uniform established rules and regulations adopted by most of the countries. Globalization led t advancements in technology thereby increasing the productivity levels of the different countries. As a result, the countries compete because they have the knowledge on the use of technology to increase production. Therefore, it leaves nothing to compare in the global market in terms of the production. On the other hand, borrowing the cultural values across borders has led to the practice of the same cultural values and practices. Globalization helped the nations to borrow the cultural values from each other thereby assuming similarity. As a result, most people stopped engaging in comparative politics due to the resemblances present in the global markets (CARAMANI, 2014, p. 176).
In summation, comparative politics helped in the improvement of the nations through borrowing ideas that helped them cope with the daily challenges. For this reason, most people embraced the comparative politics because it helped countries determine the areas that need a quick address. In addition, it enhanced the strengthening of the social ties because the different nations needed coordination among them for the comparison purposes. Nonetheless, globalization has led to the demise of the comparative politics because there are few elements to compare between the nations.
CARAMANI, D. (2014). Comparative politics.
DAVIS, P. K., & CRAGIN, K. (2009). Social science for counterterrorism: putting the pieces
together. Santa Monica, CA, RAND.