Human needs are constant across all cultures but satisfying them has been a great challenge to corporates. The interrelated and interactive needs form a strategic system that individuals always pressure themselves to operate within. Individuals have abilities that can be crucial and beneficial to corporates if their needs are satisfied. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs classifies needs into lower level and higher level needs physiological needs being at the lowest level and self-actualization needs being at the highest level. Individuals fulfill lower level needs before higher level needs and the high level needs drives the employees to work even stiffer to achieve higher level needs.
The demands made by employees have proved to be hectic for many corporates to meet due to the environmental characteristics. When employee’s job characteristics fit the characteristics of the job, psychological strain is minimal. The anxiety increases when the job demands are high than individual characteristics of the same employee who is expected to perform that specific task. A person-environment fit model can be used to predict an employee’s well-being and performance at the job place. Knowledge about human needs, aptitudes and restraints provides strategies for modeling psychosocial work conditions so as to lessen stress and advance occupational health.
Motivation can be described as the desire to put more efforts and dedicating more time towards achieving a certain goal or need. Basically, needs motivates employees. When the employees have some needs that have to be fulfilled, they develop tension and starts working towards satisfying the needs. Once the needs are satisfied, the tension becomes abridged. The conformity or nonconformity of individual efforts and performance rewards consequently affects inspiration.
According to equity theory, people compare their inputs into a job with output they get or compare their input-output ration with that of others. Employees then adjust accordingly depending on the results. If the outputs they receive are great as compared to their inputs or output of others, they will be motivated to work even harder. Additionally, the need for achievement, power and affiliation motivates employees. Otherwise; they would be demoralized and may even quit the occupation. The diversity of employees’ needs and goals continuously make it hard for employers to motivate them. Flexibility, remuneration and benefits and communication systems must be chosen astutely to keep the employees working spirit lively in the contemporary times.
Stress is acknowledged globally as a main challenge to workers’ health and the wellbeing of their organizations. A stressed work is likely to be less productive, poorly motivated, unhealthy and unsafe at the workplace. Preventing stress calls for good management work organization. People develop stress when the work demands and pressures are high than their acquaintance and capabilities. It is worse when employees feel that they do not have the support from the seniors.
Unhealthy life styles may develop as a result of subjection to stress. Psychological problems and psychiatric disorders are also common and the workers’ productivity decreases tremendously. The human brain executes best as long as it is not subjected to high job demands that might cause strain. However, human ability should not be underutilized or overtaxed. Additionally, workers should be given an opportunity to experience a sense of intimacy, control their work and develop their vocational skills and abilities. Roles exemplify sets of behaviors that are anticipated of employees. Corporates programming of work may either helps corporates to increase or reduce the trauma to the employees in the highly competitive corporate world.
Recreational time is fundamental to an individual’s healthy life and organizations should not underestimate this. An individual under stress should not be victimized but should rather be assisted to rehabilitate. Successful managers and employees should provide leadership in dealing with the challenge of stress at the workplace.