The ancient and classical periods in the Chinese history made a great change on the production of multi-tons of iron when no one in Europe could melt a single ounce of iron. The Chinese later understood on how to reduce the excess carbon content to a low level such that the metal became strong and very resilient instead of brittle (Ward 181). They called the final item steel.
Papermaking was the second most pleasing contribution that led to the increased spreading of civilization. Tortoise shells, bones, and bamboo slips were ‘the main article used for writing before china developed framing them to be bulky and were replaced by the material made from hemp fibre and fine light silk.
The classical and ancient Chinese made a remarkable move through the toil of discovering the technology behind the gunpowder, which was like an accidental incident. Alchemists who were attempting to improvise an immorality elixir through mixing of saltpetre, charcoal and sulphur first invented it. Since then, the technology spread to the Arab countries at around late of the 12th century and early of the 13th century.
Invention of the printing technique whose inspiration was under the engraved name seals was one of the Chinese’s most thoughtful innovations at the time. The classical people invented the engraved printing at around 600 A.D (Schwartz 50). It led to pleasant new to the Song Dynasty who is after effect shortcomings became unpleasant.
The warring states period was the period that left china in intense chaos. Its government crashed into parts leaving its country in anarchy as each different state fought to take control of each other. This was also known as the era of warring. It was the time in ancient china, preceded by the spring and autumn finally concluded with the Qin’s state victory.
Confucius also known as the Kong Qui or K’ung Fu-tzu is a Chinese philosopher born at Tuo state in China on 27 August B.C.E. Confucius is famous for his teachings that focused on creation of ethical models of family and its associate interaction with the public. In addition to this, Confucius put in place standards for interaction between families and the public in consideration to ethical concerns. After his death in 479 B.C.E, he became the officially recognized as the Chinese philosopher and recognized as being influential during the Song, Tang and Han dynasties (Schwartz 78).
Laozi is a Chinese philosopher of the sixth century A.D recognized as the founder father of Taoist philosophy. His attribution to the most considerable important historic texts on philosophy the Tao Te Ching, makes him an historic figure. The writings in the text are historic in philosophy as it brings about the distinction between the metaphysical views from political and ethical ones. This distinction is one of the most organic and historic philosophical visions in human culture (Schwartz 196).
The Chinese culture was spread to the neighborhoods through borrowing of the Chinese way of doing things by the neighborhoods. It is documented that the Japanese people borrowed cultural aspects from the Chinese traditions that seemed to civilized. The Japanese people borrowed various Chinese based institutional models, material objects, and techniques of production and wider range of ideas. Political and social changes that date back to the 7th century are other ways that the Chinese culture spread across the neighborhoods as they got attracted to the Chinese monarch ruling (Ward 181). In the 7th century, the Yamato rulers declared their absoluteness of monarch ruling in an imitation of Chinese way of ruling.
Schwartz, Benjamin Isadore. The world of thought in ancient China. Harvard University Press, 2009.
Ward, Barbara E. "Readers and audiences: An exploration of the spread of traditional Chinese culture." Text and Context: The Social Anthropology of Tradition 2 (2002): 181.