There are three ways to solve the problem of North-South. Supporters of the liberal approach believe that the main problem is failure of developing countries to adopt in the national economies modern market mechanism prevents these countries to overcome backwardness and take their rightful place in the international division of labor. According to them (Moon, 2007), developing states should adhere to the policy of macroeconomic stability, economic liberalization and privatization of state property, in other words, Washington Consensus. Liberal approach can be quite clear found in the positions of many developed countries in the multilateral negotiations on foreign issues in the recent decades. Anti-globalists believe that the modern system of international economic relations is inequitable, and the world economy is largely controlled by traditional monopolies, which in turn makes it possible to actually operate the South to the North. Arguing the fact that developed countries deliberately seek to reduce the level of world commodity prices, thus inflating the prices of goods processed, anti-globalists require a radical revision of the entire system of economic North-South relations in favor of developing countries in the volitional order. In other words, they act in the present conditions of ultra-radical followers of the proponents of a new international economic order. Structuralists agree that the current system of international economic relations creates serious problems for developing countries. But in contrast to the anti-globalists, they recognize that without structural reforms in the developing countries themselves, provide sectoral diversification of their economies, enhance their competitiveness to change the position of these countries in the international division of labor is impossible. The existing system of international economic relations, in their opinion, should be reformed, but so that the amendments thereto facilitate reforms in the developing countries (Hegre, Gissinger and Gleditsch, 1999). It is rather balanced approach to the solving of the North-South problem.
Developed countries in any case have to help the economy of South. If you act on the principle of “let it be as is” and “what will happen you cannot escape” in the very near future, developing countries will be in deep crisis and completely consumed by conflicts. As international security is a priority for the UN and all international organizations, this outcome cannot be tolerated in any way. Otherwise, there will be acute problems of social tension, armed conflict, revolution and terrorism.
The selected scenario from the National Intelligence Council’s publication Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds shows that in a Nonstate World, nongovernmetal organizations (NGOs), multinational businesses, academic institutions, and wealthy individuals, as well as subnational units, such as megacities, will flourish and take the lead role in confronting global problems. Accordingly (Global Trends 2030, 2012), the increased power of nonstate actors is a positive feature of this future world (p. 128). Thus, form the base global support and global society power there will arise the global public opinion consensus among many elites and middle-class citizens on the major challenges such as the environment, rule-of-law, anti-corruption, poverty and peace. However, in this world, the scale, scope, and speed of urbanization will be critical, particularly in the developing world (Global Trends 2030, 2012). Some global problems will be solved because networks manage to coalesce and cooperate within existed crossstate and nonstate actors. In other cases, will show up the negative impact of nonstate interactions and network society, in particular this world will face different challenges in ecological and human rights sphere, because nonstate social networks will be stymied of opposition from major powers.
Global Trends 2030: Alternative worlds. The National Intelligence Council. (December 2012). Retrieved from http://www.dni.gov/files/documents/GlobalTrends_2030.pdf.
Moon, Bruce E. (2007). “Reproducing the North-South Divide: the role of trade deficits and capital flows”. Lehigh University. Retrieved from http://www.lehigh.edu/~bm05/deficits/ISA2006_revised.210.pdf.
Hegre, Håvard and Ranveig Gissinger and Nils Petter Gleditsch (1999) Globalization and Conflict. Boulder, CO: Rowman & Littlefield. Retrieved from http://web.worldbank.org/archive/website01241/WEB/IMAGES/GLOBALIZ.PDF