The romantic period was the period when the music composers used music as an art to express themselves in terms of emotions and subjection. These song composers inspired by themes like darkness sang sincerely from their hearts ans. Those that were heartbroken sung with loads of pain from the heartbreaks (Plantinga, 1984).
Question (1) Color expansion of the orchestra during the romantic period.
Orchestra is a large type of instrument ensemble containing sections of brass, strings, percussion instruments, woodwind and brass. Orchestra did performance of classical music. Reduction of the musicians was one of the changes caused by the economic recession. Frederick Chopin was one of the most influential romantic polish piano composers. He had different compositions one of which was the piano concertos, which was one of most often-performed pieces (Kamien, 1988).
The music composers had to expand their tone color to increase the strength of their music in order to attract new listeners and maintain the old ones. The tones produced with lots of pressure but with a little speed, giving out a dense and more concentrated voice than that of low pressure. Tightening of the violin in order to merge the higher keys to cover for excluded spaces by the cello and viola after the emission of the few musicians was essential (Buley, 1950).
A little of the percussion too was deducted from the group leaving a little accompaniment of the bass drum, the tambourine, xylophone and the marimba. This made the tone color richer with a more intricate harmony. It brought about the factor of an increase in the range of dynamics, tempo and the pitch of the songs that made it sweeter. The rubato and orchestra popularity also became very intense. It was the effect of the on-going wars and financing of the composers by the aristocrats that got hard which led to their termination of employment in the music world (Kamien, 1988).
Question (3) Nationalism
Music nationalism is the ultimate musical ideologies or moths approaches or motives that are country. It is was also referred to as the consciousness of the main differential figures. Ethnicity or folk tunes, identified with a specific harmony inspired by them it was during the French revolution and the explosive Napoleonic wars that the nationalistic spirit gradually awoke. This, for a short while, acted as a stepping-stone for the much talented composers to draw their inspirations and express their sentiments on the economic climatic as per the romantic period. It is from the folk songs and the native dances that the composers got their moves and dances in the country (Buley, 1950).
This directly makes the listeners feel the royalty in the music formed by the talented romantic artists. The music at this stage is not invariable although something might be altering its response. Nationalism in music is usually referred to some of the various national schools that tried to leave the standards set in the classical time by the French and mostly the German who were traditionalists (Plantinga, 1984).
Franz Schubert, an Australian composer, during the 19th century with over 600 exemplary compositions, had completed a remarkable work in his first 29 years of musical adventure. He composed an incomplete article named Abend (wie ist es denn) which meant song voice and piano. He would try to mimic the sounds of the original New England from his youth and instantly gather a parade (Buley, 1950).
Buley, R. C., & Bulye, R. C. (1950). The Old Northwest: Pioneer Period, 1815-1840 (Vol. 1). Indiana historical society.
Kamien, R., & James, N. (1988). Music: an appreciation. McGraw-Hill.
Plantinga, Leon. 1984. Romantic Music: A History of Musical Style in Nineteenth-Century Europe. A Norton Introduction to Music History. New York: W. W. Norton. ISBN 0-393-95196-0;