The goal of the research was:
To Study the processes which are involved in perceiving other individuals, their behavior and their personal qualities on the correctness of judgment?
-To find out which stimulus conditions are relevant in the production of phenomenal movement and of determining the influences of the surrounding field.
-To determine the dependence of the response on stimulus-configurations.
A hypothesis is a prediction of some sort regarding the outcome of the study. It also refers to the researcher’s anticipated explanation or opinion regarding the results of the study. It is the tentative answer to the problem in question. It states possible relationships, differences or causes between two variables or concepts. A hypothesis can either be null, alternative non-directional or directional (Mugenda & Mugenda, 1999)
With regard to this research and in an inductive inference, the researcher made the following assumptions: There is a significant relationship between movements and changes identified with figural units and the gain in the significance of acts.
Why the research was done
The research was worth doing as it will help researchers who wish to carry out an in-depth study in this field in the field of psychology and the academic fraternity in general as it will be a starting point for further research.
Admittedly, one major defining characteristic of a good research study is that it should be open to modification in the light of new theories and methods. Its results can therefore be subjected to verification and approval to ascertain their validity and act as a basis for decision making. (Mugenda & Mugenda, 1999)
It will also act as a guide to people who make judgments that have a lot of biasness in attribution. We tend to judge based on situational and not dispositional factors.
Variables are measurable characteristics or properties of people or things that can take on different values. In contrast, characteristics that do not vary are called constants (Mugenda & Mugenda, 1999).
A variable can also be defined as a measurable characteristic that can take on different values among the subjects. (Mugenda and Mugenda 1999).
It is a noun that stands for variation within a class of objects, such as chairs gender, eye colour, motivation, achievement .etc. It is any entity that can assume different values. A specific measure on a variable is referred to as an attribute.
An important aspect in designing a research project is defining the variables that will be measured, described or controlled. In this research there are independent and dependent variables.
This is the variable that is selected or manipulated by the researcher, or already manipulated, to determine its relationship to the observed outcome of the research. An independent variable is also referred to as an explanatory or a predictor variable. This is the variable that the researcher manipulates in order to determine its influence or effects on another variable (Mugenda & Mugenda, 1999).
In this study, processes which are involved in perceiving other individuals, their behavior and their personal qualities are all independent variables.
In a research study, it is the variable that is influenced or modified by some treatment or exposure. It may also represent the variable you are trying to predict. It is also known as an outcome variable. This definition however depends on the context of study. (Simon, 2008).
It is the factor which is observed and measured to determine the effect of the independent variable. It usually appears, disappears, or varies as the researcher or the experimenter introduces, removes, or varies the independent variable(s) (Mugenda & Mugenda, 1999).
In this study, the dependent variable is the correctness of judgment.
A questionnaire consists of a number of questions printed or typed in a definite order on a form or set of forms.
The researcher should have in mind how the information that will be obtained from the questionnaire item will be analyzed. (Kothari, 2003, page 100).
The questions presented in the questionnaire might have been structured or open ended questions which were accompanied by a list of all possible alternatives form which respondents select the answer that best describes their situation (Mugenda & Mugenda, 1999)
Subjects and data
The subjects of this particular research were human beings, undergraduate women in three experimental designs guided by filling of questionnaires by giving of answers or responses to the questions that followed.
Criticism of the study
This study is based on the premise that there was no form of modification of behavior among the subjects. Human beings tend to behave differently when they are being observed or investigated. The study therefore is highly amenable to fail validity tests. For how is this going to be accepted as a matter of fact?
Extraneous variables are not well taken care of. Extraneous variables are variables that affect the outcome of a study because the researcher is not aware of them, but if he/she is aware of them he/she has no control over them. So many variables seem to come into play and therefore affect the outcome of the study. The researcher only identified a few and made them part of the study.
Mugenda , O.M., Mugenda, A.G (1999). Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Nairobi: Act press.