Interdisciplinary relationships are a joint communication and decision-making process with the aim of better health care need of the target population. Effective interdisciplinary relationships reduce costs and advance patient satisfaction, while humanizing overall health care worker satisfaction. Working together as a team brings specific capabilities of each discipline that focuses on the care of patients and eliminates any weaknesses of other teammates. The interdisciplinary relations enhance fast and accurate medical performance. This relationship may include a physician and non-physician provider team and a physical assistant and a nurse practitioner. Interdisciplinary relationship becomes a compound process that needs deliberate knowledge passing and combined sense of for the patient's health. It occurs in long-lasting relationships among these health professionals. Within long-standing relationships, collaboration has a progressive course that changes over time as team members leave or join the group, and organization structures change. Collaboration among nurses and physicians may involve encounters inpatient wards. In such settings, there is no other chance to collaborate as expected, and a given interaction may leave lasting positive impressions on those involved or on those who witness a particular nurse-physician interaction. The marketing department is urged to collaborate with the development staff in order to provide efficient and stable work. An example of these interdisciplinary relationships includes radiology working in collaboration with the emergency room or working in a pharmaceutical company. Radiology deals with pictures of the human body, but of the inside by the use of magnetic fields. These images help in the diagnosis, prognosis, and disease treatment. It is different from radiation therapy that uses ionizing radiation for disease treatment. It is divided into many subspecialties: Neuroradiology, head neck radiology.
The other subspecialties of radiology will be; genitourinary radiation, breast radiology, Vascular radiology, gynecologic radiology and pediatric radiology. It gets further divided into three groups; diagnostic radiology, Interventional; radiation and nuclear medicine. The collaboration between diagnostic radiology and Interventional radiology comes when the diagnostic specialist does Interventional processes and procedures. When does comes to the collaboration among the radiologist and a physician, the radiologist oversees the radiological examinations. The radiologist is also responsible for the interpretation of the radiological tests. The medical practitioner is responsible for imaging the diagnostic imaging from the technician. Hence, the interdisciplinary relations seem clearer. It is quite prestigious and also hard working in an emergency room. Here, drastic measures must be taken to make the patient's life get saved. The emergency room experiences lots of challenges, especially when the ones brought in got severe damages. It got the name fast-paced environment sine all activities involve drastic and fast actions due to its reputation (Porter-O'Grady, 2009). The medical practitioners and nurses must assess, take care of and treat people of all ages from newborn to old ages. The radiology department often gets the opportunity to do the examining of the acute emergency cases and in conjunction with the practitioner they get the patient well effectively. The doctors also get the necessary assistance from the radiologists where they take care of radio-treatable diseases. In a medical center, the decision-making process becomes more collaborative than in medicine. Significant clinical and medical decisions should be made by the doctors, especially those involving safety and medication. When it comes to the pharmaceutical company, some physicians go to the firm to practice medicine and take care of the employee's health.
Since the collaboration is an organization consisting of a well-planned fact, it has got some principles that facilitate it.
There must be trust among between the two disciplines such that none of the groups work under suspicion. Here, the groups involved must believe the other for the perfective ability of their specialization. The second it is that the parties involved must be knowledgeable of the element of trust and get rid of supervision, also knowledge of the matter at hand to avoid confusion and waste of time. Combined responsibility means joint decision making hence all ideas should get based on the parties’ suggestions. Also, communication that's two-way facilitates sharing information and knowledge between the parties involved (In McCarthy, In Schafermeyer & In Plake, 2012). The act of cooperation and coordination enhances skillfulness and increase productivity. Finally, the team must be optimistic rather than pessimistic since they should be expecting positive results. The collaboration should also get based on clear grounds for performance. Before the collaboration t, they should have a goal. That is a clear mission statement that each member can subscribe to. The goals can be long term or short term based on the durability of the collaboration. The members should also familiarize themselves with the tasks and roles one of them. In terms of the medical care, each professional should stick to their professionalism. It is better by first differentiating the tasks before negotiating the rules. The most important part of the collaboration must be defining the leadership and the decision-making skills and methods. Also, a good and perfectly coordinated team must have an effective means of sharing information. The ideal communication system involves well-designed record system, and a forum to discuss patient management issues (Porter-O'Grady, 2009).
Lastly, it would be the decisions to make on the conflict resolution skills. These should be on the basis of togetherness, obedience to authority and understanding the roles, responsibilities and competencies of other team members. The team also should consider effective negotiation strategies (In McCarthy, In Schafermeyer & In Plake, 2012).
The group is bound to have conflicts with one another due to lack of understanding and lessened cooperation. Some of these conflicts include avoidance. Here, the conflicting parties avoid each other and the conflict issues and if prolonged, may lead to team stagnation. There is also the domination whereby the group becomes divisive in terms of winners and losers. The compromise also occurs mostly when an important issue is given up. Compromise may also bring about divisiveness and avoidance since the members may feel lost out. Prevention is better than cure. Hence, the conflict should be avoided immediately after it sparks. The team should form a disciplinary structure so that the mechanisms and referral pattern to the highest authority should be well understood. Every party should know that the firm has got limits against inappropriate behavior and actions (Tong, 2007). Knowledge of that discipline structure will facilitate conflict resolution at a lower level. Understanding of how conflicts may also arise becomes crucial for the prevention. The team should have and efficient communication strategy to which the parties will effectively forward their comments and points to resolve their problems. These communication skills should also be used to bring about effective decision making. Another point should be that the team parties should respect the leadership presence, such that if the leader says no towards conflict causing issues they should comply with that.
The team should also exercise not to leave a conflict causing issue hanging to avoid stagnation and conflict. Leaders should also be cautious to avoid taking parties for granted, failure to keep promises, failure to accommodate responsibility for one's failures and lack of practicing what he or she insists on. The above strategies may not work, and so the collaboration should have a means of resolving conflict. The leader should separate the parties from the problem by diffusing the emotional component by respect, listening carefully and letting individuals express themselves. Recognition of the problem and sources of it and the parties involved. The parties must agree towards the solution of the conflict as a team. Caution; the ways must be violent free. The conflict resolution organization should deal with one problem at a time, one by one till the end. If the case becomes persistent and stagnant harsh implications should befall the parts such as suspension. The leader should also focus on the common interest of the collaboration. The use of objective criteria should be possible if necessary. The head should come up with strategies that both parties win and gain. Since it is a professional's conflict and argument, the rules against lack of consensus should not be so harsh to avoid loss through discontinuation (Tong, 2007).
In conclusion, it is clear that the collaboration becomes an essential strategy in cracking hard codes in the healthiest place. It is also efficient in solving problems and maintaining a customer satisfaction. The partnership strategy should be advocated all workplaces regardless of the available professions and challenges to tackle.
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