Management styles refer to ways by which the leaders ensure that day to day operations of a company or facility are done the right way and at the right time. The reason is to ensure that the vision, goals or missions are accomplished while satisfying the client. Nursing administrators and hospital use a persuasive style of management, which encourages feedback from all levels of staff in the organization. Managers encourage and value feedback because that is the way the daily activities are fulfilled and also it assist to rectify where there is an issue that could hinder work. The nurses who serve in a leadership position are readily accessible, visible and committed to conveying information with the staff effectively. The health care setup has nursing leaders whose duty vary from assistant nurse to clinical leader at various departments of the hospitals. Due to this structure it is rare to have a communication breakdown as everyone has a responsibility and know whom to report any problem arising from the hospital (Lee et al., 2011).
Although some of the nursing leaders are not always designated officially, but due to their informative and in-depth knowledge and personal strengths, they provide information and guidance to staff nurse. Most of them generously and freely extend the knowledge and at the same time providing patient care and other functions. As the field of heath care management is expanding and growing in terms of technology, importance, and size, the health care management has an essential role in assisting changes without disrupting patients. The managers and leaders handle the facilities activities from government relations to oversee, technology to finance. Since the role of style of management affects the quality of care at every level, then the management style used is vital (Keyvanara et al., 2014).
An evidence-based health care style of management is the one that caregivers and managers meet regularly to discuss interventions work most effective for the patient (Delmatoff & Lazarus, 2014). Managers use the evidence they get from the nurses to set policies and make the necessary decision regarding the clinics’ activities. It is through this regular contact that caregivers and health care managers can steadily enhance the quality of care offered. Integrative rise in technology for enhancing the flow of information and advance treatment has highly affected the sector of health care and thus needs a good manager to coordinate hospital activities. A good health care manager must be in a position to reduce the expenses by reducing unnecessary procedures and hospitalization of patients.
There are several types of management theory used in a different organization used and applied by different leader or rather managers. Path-goal theory is one among several theories used in an institution (Alligood, 2010). In this theory, manager can identify the best leadership advance to use based on the teams or groups need. It also focuses on the work that the staff does and the surrounding they are working. The pros of working as a team include; greater production, when a group of nurses with differing knowledge, experience, values and views, and variety ideas comes together then they will have a better output. Second is cross-fertilization and reduced bias; the exchange of ideas acts as a stimulus to encouraging each other in exploring ideas that could not be considered. Increased risk is taking and higher commitment, shared responsibility makes the nurses more willing to perform the task. Last is that pathway theory improves communication and better the solution at the among the group members
The cons of this type of concept include competition; most of the nurses working in a group may unconsciously perceive the situation as very competitive. With this, group members generate behaviors that drain the creativity effort and cause destruction among them hence, sabotaging the ideas of those they disagreed. Time and constraint are another disadvantages; it needs individuals to come together and be punctual to the agreed time, and this can cause institutional problems and impatient among the staff. The last con is conformity; some of the group members want to be valued and respected more than others and also feel liked. Most of those who suffer this problem are the superior as they want to maintain the same status and influence the junior staff. In conclusion, it is essential to have a good management styles and theories to ensure that the institutional or organizational goal is accomplished (Bordoloi & Islam, 2012).
Alligood, M. R. (2010). Family healthcare with king's theory of goal attainment. Nursing Science Quarterly, 23(2), 99-104. doi:10.1177/0894318410362553
Bordoloi, P. P., & Islam, N. N. (2012). Knowledge management practices and healthcare delivery: A contingency framework. Electronic Journal Of Knowledge Management, 10(2), 110-120.
Delmatoff, J., & Lazarus, I. R. (2014). The most effective leadership style for the new Landscape of healthcare. Journal Of Healthcare Management, 59(4), 245-249.
Keyvanara, M., Karimi, S., Khorasani, E., & Jazi, M. J. (2014). Experts' perceptions of the concept of induced demand in healthcare: A qualitative study in isfahan, Iran. Journal Of Education And Health Promotion, 327. doi:10.4103/2277-9531.131890
Lee, V., Ridzi, F., Lo, A. W., & Coskun, E. (2011). A healthcare case study of team learner style and change management. Journal Of Organizational Change Management, 24(6), 830- 852. doi:10.1108/09534811111175788