The main political parties in America are the Democratic Party and Republicans. Their characteristics are based on their history. The Republican Party is based various beliefs and conventions like abortion. The Republicans oppose abortion with regard to pro-life issues; they claim that life begins at conception. On the other hand the Democratic party claims that abortion should be legalized on the argument that life begins after birth and they claim that it is the choice of a woman whether to abort or not.
The Republicans party opposes issues to do with homosexual marriages, terming them as against the will of God while the Democratic party supports the same sex marriages on the basis that people have freedom to marry people of their own choice and in that sense they propose the legalization of same-sex marriage .This issue of same-sex marriage was publicly supported by the President of United States of America, Barrack Obama.
The Republicans party supports the Doctrine that relates to unilateralism which proposes that the United States in times of wars and security threats should not look for any assistance but use its military force alone to defend the country. The democrats on the other hand propose international cooperation with other strongly armed countries to defend the country with their support.
The Republican Party advocates for power to be decentralized in the United States that is giving the states more power while the Democratic Party proposes power federalization which involves giving more powers to the central government. The Republican Party encourages free trade which involves signing trade conventions with other countries all over the world but the Democratic Party advocates for closed and structure trade just within the United States of America which discourages external transactions.
The Republican Party advocates for protection of individuals rights giving them more concentration while the Democratic Party emphasizes that the interest of the country is more important than individual interest. The Democratic Party advocates for a progressive tax scale which depends on the level of income but the Republicans Party opposes the progressive tax system.
The Republicans party put no interest on global warming issues while the Democrats puts a lot of emphasis on the causes and impact of global warming issue all over the world.The Republicans puts a lot of emphasis on environmental issues as will impact heavily on the business environment. On the other hand, the Democratic Party lays its beliefs on proper governance and health issues like clean water and air. The Republicans also advocates for energy regulations for the stability of the country while Democrats proposes that the resources should be protected by the government and environmental bodies.
The political system in US differs in several ways with other political systems around the globe especially the Eastern countries like China. In the United States, the political system is decentralized giving the individual states power to govern their territories while in the countries like China, the power is centralized. In China, the structure of government is vertical such that authority flows from the central government top the local government, decisions by the central government are binding on the local government, but in the United States, the decisions by the central government are not binding on the individual states.
The politics in the East are communist in nature while in the United States; the politics are based on individual issues. The political systems in US and all over the world have evolved in several ways such as reforms, democracy and movements through market economies which focused on market liberalization. The political system has revolved through ethnic and cultural aspects. Currently, most of the political systems all over the world are based on issues and perceptions.
Tocqueville, Alexis, and Arthur Goldhammer. Democracy in America. New York: Library of America, 2004.
Howe, Daniel W. What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.